Avg. Prices Of Commodities in Rs/100Kg: 27, July 2014: Okara Wheat 3050 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11900 Rice (IRRI) 3650 Sugar 5450 Gram White(local) 6250 Gram Black 5550 Gram Pulse 5700 Moong 13450 Moong Pulse 14750 Mash 10750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13100 Maize 2138 Millet 2500 Sorghum 6250 Potato Fresh 6250 Potato Store 4450 Onion 3200 Garlic (China) 10250 Tomato 3900 Spinach 900 Brinjal 900 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16750 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 1650 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1250 Tinda 3400 Cauliflower 4250 Banana(DOZENS) 75 Mango(Chounsa) 6250 Banola Cake 3925 Green Fodder 340 Wheat Straw 663 Mango(Desahri) 5750 Mango(Sindhri) 6150 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13250 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 5250 Cabbage 4750 Jaggery (گڑ) 5750 Gram White(Importedl) 8750 Ginger (Thai) 20000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9450 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11450 Garlic (Local) 7750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1500 Dates (Aseel) 12250 Green Chilli 3400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3800 Lemon (Desi) 8250 Peach Special 9250 Plum 14750 Mango Desi 3000 Apricot White 12750 Grapes Gola 10950 Grapes Sundekhani 16500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1050 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 1100 ¡ Rawalpindi Wheat 3125 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12500 Rice (IRRI) 4250 Sugar 5570 Gram White(local) 6500 Gram Black 5400 Gram Pulse 6650 Moong 14500 Moong Pulse 16000 Mash 11750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13750 Maize 2850 Millet 2650 Sorghum 4100 RapeSeed (Torya) 6625 Potato Store 6000 Onion 4000 Garlic (China) 9800 Ginger(China) 20100 Tomato 6650 Spinach 1900 Brinjal 2000 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 20500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2000 Tinda 3650 Pumpkin 1700 Cauliflower 5500 Peas 8900 Turnip 3000 Carrot 3700 Banana(DOZENS) 109 Grapes (Other) 7600 Mango(Chounsa) 6300 Mango(Desahri) 5000 Mango(Sindhri) 7400 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 15250 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 6550 Cabbage 4800 Jaggery (گڑ) 7750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10500 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11500 Garlic (Local) 9800 Cucumber (Kheera) 4300 Melon 2400 Watermelon 2400 Mango (Malda) 4150 Lychee 15400 Dates (Aseel) 9500 Apple (Gatcha) 12800 Green Chilli 3700 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5100 Lemon (Desi) 10700 Peach 8700 Peach Special 13000 Plum 10000 Mango Desi 3700 Apricot White 10850 Grapes Gola 7600 Grapes Sundekhani 14150 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6350 Sweet Musk Melon 5000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3000 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2900 ¡ Multan Wheat 3338 Rice Basmati Super (New) 9750 Rice (IRRI) 3725 Sugar 5390 Gram Black 5175 Gram Pulse 5600 Moong 9125 Moong Pulse 11375 Mash 9125 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13875 Maize 2250 Millet 2551 RapeSeed (Torya) 6438 Potato Store 4800 Onion 3050 Garlic (China) 9000 Tomato 6000 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 700 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 17250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2200 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1200 Tinda 3500 Pumpkin 1700 Cauliflower 5750 Peas 15000 Carrot 4500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 17000 Banana(DOZENS) 85 Mango(Chounsa) 4500 Green Fodder 275 Wheat Straw 788 Mango(Desahri) 4500 Mango(Sindhri) 3250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11200 Rice Basmati (385) 6813 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 4950 Groundnut 6250 Cabbage 3950 Jaggery (گڑ) 5938 Gram White(Importedl) 6563 Ginger (Thai) 19000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9438 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12625 Garlic (Local) 6250 Cucumber (Kheera) 6000 Melon 3750 Green Chilli 3250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1900 Peach 7850 Plum 8900 Mango Desi 2200 Apricot White 10800 Pomegranate Desi 7000 Pear 3950 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5775 Sweet Musk Melon 3750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1350 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2200 ¡ Bhalwal Potato Store 5750 Onion 4900 Garlic (China) 11750 Ginger(China) 23500 Tomato 6750 Spinach 3250 Brinjal 1900 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2350 Tinda 8750 Cauliflower 3900 Peas 14750 Banana(DOZENS) 85 Mango(Chounsa) 9750 Apple (Gatcha) 9750 Lemon (Other) 14750 Green Chilli 7900 Peach 11500 Plum 21500 Mango Desi 5750 Grapes Sundekhani 27500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1900 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4250 ¡ Sahiwal Wheat 3150 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11250 Rice (IRRI) 3900 Sugar 5300 Gram White(local) 7600 Gram Black 5500 Gram Pulse 5750 Moong Pulse 13500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12250 Masoor Pulse(local) 13250 Maize 2325 Millet 6350 Sorghum 2600 Potato Fresh 5850 Potato Store 4650 Onion 3175 Garlic (China) 9250 Tomato 4600 Spinach 1100 Brinjal 1125 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 17250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2300 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1700 Tinda 3800 Pumpkin 1300 Cauliflower 5850 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13500 Apple (Ammre) 8350 Banana(DOZENS) 73 Guava 3600 Mango(Chounsa) 6475 Green Fodder 388 Wheat Straw 725 Mango(Desahri) 5750 Mango(Sindhri) 6650 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13500 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 5750 Gram White(Importedl) 9000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9750 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11250 Cucumber (Kheera) 1500 Dates (Aseel) 14600 Apple (Gatcha) 10500 Green Chilli 3600 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5350 Lemon (Desi) 8400 Peach 7250 Peach Special 10500 Plum 13500 Mango Saharni 4850 Apricot White 10750 Grapes Gola 12850 Grapes Sundekhani 17000 Pear 6250 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5950 Sweet Musk Melon 4750 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 5400 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2025 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2125 ¡ Gujrat Sugar 5300 Gram White(local) 6050 Gram Black 5700 Gram Pulse 5400 Moong 14200 Moong Pulse 14750 Mash 13300 Masoor Whole(local) 10000 Masoor Pulse(local) 12250 Millet 3350 Potato Fresh 5750 Potato Store 4650 Onion 3400 Garlic (China) 10600 Ginger(China) 27000 Tomato 4650 Spinach 1800 Brinjal 1400 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19650 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2400 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2000 Tinda 4250 Cauliflower 4000 Peas 11550 Turnip 3750 Radish 3600 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12600 Banana(DOZENS) 92 Mango(Chounsa) 8150 Mango(Desahri) 6200 Mango(Sindhri) 9200 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12150 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 8250 Cabbage 5000 Jaggery (گڑ) 7350 Mash Pulse(local) 14800 Gram White(Importedl) 8800 Cucumber (Kheera) 3600 Dates (Aseel) 12550 Apple (Gatcha) 11650 Lemon (Other) 13500 Green Chilli 3800 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5000 Peach Special 10800 Plum 11650 Mango Desi 3150 Apricot White 12550 Grapes Gola 12600 Grapes Sundekhani 23100 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6200 Sweet Musk Melon 4550 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 7200 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1800 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4500 ¡ PakPattan Rice Basmati Super (New) 12000 Rice (IRRI) 4000 Gram White(local) 7000 Gram Pulse 5800 Moong Pulse 15000 Masoor Pulse(local) 12000 Potato Fresh 6500 Potato Store 5000 Onion 3600 Garlic (China) 9000 Tomato 4700 Brinjal 1200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1200 Tinda 3600 Cauliflower 3500 Mango(Chounsa) 6400 Mango(Desahri) 6000 Mango(Sindhri) 6000 Rice Basmati (385) 7400 Mash Pulse(local) 13000 Garlic (Local) 6000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Dates (Aseel) 13000 Apple (Gatcha) 13000 Green Chilli 3500 Lemon (China) 9000 Peach 13800 Plum 15500 Mango Desi 2600 Apricot White 13000 Pomegranate Desi 10400 Grapes Gola 8600 Grapes Sundekhani 17200 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6500 Sweet Musk Melon 4400 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1800 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 1900 ¡ Mailsi Potato Store 4998 Onion 2798 Garlic (China) 9290 Tomato 6560 Spinach 713 Brinjal 1305 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 1768 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1055 Tinda 2120 Cauliflower 5375 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13935 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Mango(Chounsa) 5550 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 5760 Ginger (Thai) 19765 Watermelon 1140 Apple (Gatcha) 8975 Green Chilli 3275 Lemon (Desi) 12145 Peach Special 10588 Mango Desi 2500 Apricot White 10415 Pomegranate Desi 5500 Grapes Gola 11450 Grapes Sundekhani 17650 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1633 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 1555 ¡ Chichawatni Rice Basmati Super (New) 11500 Rice (IRRI) 4100 Sugar 5500 Gram White(local) 7500 Gram Black 6750 Gram Pulse 6250 Moong Pulse 15500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14500 Potato Fresh 7500 Potato Store 4750 Onion 2900 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 3250 Spinach 900 Brinjal 1100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2200 Tinda 4050 Pumpkin 1900 Cauliflower 5750 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 14500 Apple (Golden) 6500 Banana(DOZENS) 75 Guava 3750 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 16500 Mango(Chounsa) 5750 Mango(Desahri) 5750 Mango(Sindhri) 6250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13000 Rice Basmati (385) 7750 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 6250 Cabbage 5250 Gram White(Importedl) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12000 Garlic (Local) 6750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1600 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 7500 Dates (Aseel) 18000 Apple (Gatcha) 11500 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5250 Lemon (Desi) 7500 Peach 10500 Plum 12750 Mango Saharni 4750 Apricot White 11000 Pomegranate Desi 6500 Grapes Gola 12500 Grapes Sundekhani 18100 Pear 6250 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6750 Sweet Musk Melon 5250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1900 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2100 ¡ Kamalia Wheat 3281 Paddy Basmati 4750 Maize 1950 Sorghum 6375 Potato Store 4750 Onion 3200 Garlic (China) 8500 Tomato 4100 Spinach 1200 Brinjal 1200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 1800 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1800 Tinda 3250 Cauliflower 4500 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Mango(Chounsa) 5750 Jaggery (گڑ) 5500 Ginger (Thai) 20500 Apple (Gatcha) 9000 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3300 Lemon (Desi) 10500 Peach 10500 Plum 11000 Mango Desi 2750 Apricot White 9500 Grapes Gola 9000 Grapes Sundekhani 14000 Sweet Musk Melon 4500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1800 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 1800 ¡ Chakwal Wheat 2938 Rice (IRRI) 4100 Sugar 5050 Gram White(local) 6250 Gram Black 4650 Gram Pulse 6200 Moong 9250 Mash 2600 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11625 Maize 3150 Millet 2900 Sorghum 5250 RapeSeed (Torya) 7100 Potato Store 5550 Onion 3250 Garlic (China) 8100 Tomato 5750 Spinach 1350 Brinjal 1050 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2650 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1700 Tinda 1250 Banola 3750 Green Fodder 325 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12250 Rice Basmati (385) 8500 Cabbage 2400 Jaggery (گڑ) 7650 Ginger (Thai) 18375 Cucumber (Kheera) 850 Melon 3250 Green Chilli 3050 Lemon (Desi) 8900 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6650 Sweet Musk Melon 3850 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1750 ¡ Mianwali Potato Fresh 5365 Onion 3765 Garlic (China) 10925 Tomato 6465 Spinach 2090 Brinjal 1890 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2390 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2090 Banana(DOZENS) 80 Mango(Chounsa) 6965 Mango(Desahri) 4890 Mango(Sindhri) 7465 Green Chilli 4890 Lemon (Desi) 11700 Peach 5890 Peach Special 8890 Plum 11925 Mango Desi 2715 Apricot White 15400 Pear 7890 Sweet Musk Melon 5890 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2390 ¡ SadiqAbad Rice Basmati Super (New) 12500 Rice (IRRI) 3600 Sugar 5400 Gram White(local) 7350 Gram Black 6500 Gram Pulse 6050 Moong Pulse 15000 Mash 13500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13600 Masoor Whole(local) 10700 Masoor Pulse(local) 11200 Millet 3000 Potato Store 4230 Onion 2625 Garlic (China) 9450 Ginger(China) 20790 Tomato 3825 Spinach 935 Brinjal 935 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 24000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2465 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1955 Tinda 2635 Pumpkin 1445 Cauliflower 4888 Apple (Golden) 9350 Banana(DOZENS) 53 Mango(Chounsa) 4930 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14500 Rice Basmati (385) 7200 Cabbage 4845 Jaggery (گڑ) 6500 Mash Pulse(local) 13000 Gram White(Importedl) 8750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11000 Melon 2635 Watermelon 2125 Green Chilli 3910 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4165 Lemon (Desi) 7863 Peach 5737 Peach Special 12962 Mango Desi 3610 Apricot Yellow 10625 Grapes Gola 10284 Grapes Sundekhani 15510 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 935 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2125 ¡ Summandri Potato Store 4750 Onion 3000 Tomato 6200 Spinach 1300 Brinjal 700 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2800 Tinda 3350 Pumpkin 1000 Cauliflower 2650 Peas 12500 Turnip 2300 Banana(DOZENS) 95 Mango(Chounsa) 6250 Mango(Desahri) 4750 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 5200 Cabbage 5000 Garlic (Local) 6850 Cucumber (Kheera) 2600 Melon 3000 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12500 Green Chilli 3100 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1900 Mango Desi 2300 Apricot White 9750 Grapes Gola 9000 Grapes Sundekhani 16500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1700 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2200 ¡ TALAGANG Potato Store 5100 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 8500 Ginger(China) 17400 Tomato 4400 Spinach 1200 Brinjal 1150 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 2100 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 1700 Tinda 2000 Apple (Golden) 12400 Mango(Sindhri) 6500 Cucumber (Kheera) 900 Melon 3700 Watermelon 1200 Green Chilli 2900 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1150 Lemon (Desi) 9100 Peach 6500 Plum 11300 Apricot White 10800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1700 Pls Refresh for Latest Prices UpdateFUll VIEW CLICK HERE Note these are guidelines only… Organic vs. conventional food - Future of Agriculture in Pakistan, Information about Agriculture, Pakistan Agriculture, Agriculture in Pakistan, Role of Agriculture, Agriculture in Pakistan Urdu, Pakistan Agricultural Research, Agriculture Statistics, Agriculture Constitutes, Agriculture News, Videos, Weather, Farming, Biotechnology, Livstock, Jobs & Scholarships, Agriculture Universities

Organic vs. conventional food

January 12, 2013

For most people willing to pay a premium for organic food, the reason is some nebulous combination of health, environment and flavor. If pressed, however, few could point to evidence that organic food is better than conventionally grown products on any of those counts.

This month, a new piece of evidence emerged on this issue, and the news was bad for organic agriculture. A report out of Stanford University found no consistent differences in nutritional content between organic and conventionally grown crops. So how about the other reasons for buying organic? Let’s start by looking at the environmental differences between conventional and organic farming.

Comparing the environmental impacts of two products involves many considerations: chemical runoff into our water supply, soil health and greenhouse gas emissions, to name just a few. Since there isn’t enough space to consider all of those in a single article, we’ll take one environmental consideration at a time in an occasional series.

Land use is a reasonable place to begin. Part of a product’s environmental impact is the amount of space required to produce it. After all, if a plot of land weren’t required to produce corn or avocados or pigs, it could be used for environmentally helpful purposes such as habitats for wild animals or carbon-eating plants or land for solar panels and wind farms.

Food production requires an incredible amount of land. By some estimates, croplands and pastures now occupy 40 percent of Earth’s land surface. Producing more food with less land could be a major win for the environment.

In May, researchers at Canada’s McGill University and the University of Minnesota published an article in the journal Nature comparing the productivity of organic and conventional farms.

This particular study is known as a meta-analysis. In a meta-analysis, a researcher compiles all of the studies on a particular issue, usually discarding those that are methodologically unsound, then finds a statistical method with which to combine them. Ultimately, a meta-analysis turns a series of smaller studies into a large study, which, if done right, carries more persuasive heft and can bring real clarity to disputed scientific issues.

In their meta-analysis, McGill’s Verena Seufert and her colleagues examined 66 previous studies. Their results are bound to disappoint organic advocates. Overall, they found that organic methods produce 25 percent less food than conventional farming on the same land area.

That headline number, however, tells only part of the story, and the details can help guide your decisions as a consumer.

For some crops, organic methods are nearly as productive as conventional farming. Organic fruit farms, for example, finished in a statistical dead heat with conventional acreage. The yield of organically grown tomatoes (considered separately from other fruits) was statistically indistinguishable from conventional tomatoes as well, as were organic oilseeds such as sunflower and canola. Organic legumes, such as peas and beans, also performed well.

Conventional methods soundly outpaced organic among grains and vegetables. Among wheat, corn and other cereals, organic farms were 26 percent less productive, while organic vegetable growers turned out 33 percent less food per acre than those who used pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizer.

If you’re wondering why organic productivity might be as good as non-organic for some crops but not for others, it has a lot to do with nitrogen. Organic farmers can’t load up their fields with synthetic fertilizer, so crops that use nitrogen more efficiently, such as legumes, perform better in an organic system than those that rely on heavy infusions of nitrogen.

Relative productivity of organic and conventional fields can also depend on more obscure factors, such as the pH of soil. Organic crops perform well when the soil’s pH stays inside a certain range, but they do poorly in high-alkaline or high-acidity environments. Unfortunately, consumers standing in front of a bell pepper display would have a hard time figuring out the acidity of the soil that produced them, so you might as well forget about those details.

Meta-analyses are not perfect, and organic yields were found to be better in a study that predated Seufert et al. Those results, however, came in for serious criticism, and the more recent meta-analysis seems to have solved some of the methodological problems.

None of this is to say you should stop buying organic corn, wheat or vegetables. Overall organic yields in Seufert’s meta-analysis were depressed somewhat by farmers who weren’t applying the right nutrients in the right quantities at the right time. Farmers who manage their crops more expertly come quite close to matching conventional yields.

Over time, it’s entirely plausible that increased demand for organic food will improve techniques further, with investment funding research on best practices and improving farmer know-how. And, as noted above, land use is just one of many considerations when comparing the environmental impacts of two products. Stay tuned to this space for further looks at the environmental impacts of organic vs. conventional.

Courtesy: The Washington Post

Comments are closed.