Avg. Prices Of Commodities in Rs/100Kg: 27, Aug 2014: Okara Wheat 3225 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11900 Rice (IRRI) 3750 Sugar 5620 Gram White(local) 6250 Gram Black 5550 Gram Pulse 5700 Moong 10750 Moong Pulse 12250 Mash 11750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13800 Maize 2375 Millet 2525 Sorghum 5200 Potato Fresh 6350 Potato Store 4650 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 9750 Tomato 3750 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2850 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16750 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5250 Cauliflower 6250 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 2750 Mango(Chounsa) 5750 Banola Cake 3925 Green Fodder 340 Wheat Straw 688 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13250 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Cabbage 5750 Gram White(Importedl) 8750 Ginger (Thai) 23750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9450 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11450 Garlic (Local) 6750 Cucumber (Kheera) 4250 Apple (Gatcha) 7250 Green Chilli 4750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6250 Lemon (Desi) 8750 Peach 6250 Peach Special 8750 Grapes Gola 8250 Grapes Sundekhani 16500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4000 ¡ Sargodha Wheat 3263 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11125 Sugar 5635 Gram Black 4888 Gram Pulse 5163 Moong 9188 Moong Pulse 10563 Mash 11625 Mash Pulse(Imported) 16625 Masoor Whole(local) 9250 Masoor Pulse(local) 10250 Maize 2313 RapeSeed (Torya) 6750 Potato Fresh 6600 Potato Store 5200 Onion 2500 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 3700 Spinach 2000 Brinjal 2500 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 17000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 6800 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3850 Tinda 7350 Cauliflower 4950 Banana(DOZENS) 58 Guava 3850 Mango(Chounsa) 7450 Green Fodder 275 Wheat Straw 738 Jaggery (گڑ) 6625 Gram White(Importedl) 5625 Garlic (Local) 8500 Apple (Gatcha) 6400 Green Chilli 3250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6750 Peach Special 6800 Mango Desi 3850 Apricot White 7750 Grapes Gola 8250 Grapes Sundekhani 13500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 4200 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 14900 ¡ RahimYarKhan Wheat 3190 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11400 Rice (IRRI) 3900 Sugar 5580 Gram Black 5500 Gram Pulse 5650 Moong 7700 Moong Pulse 14900 Mash 12500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13100 Maize 2100 Millet 3500 Sorghum 3500 Potato Fresh 6750 Potato Store 5490 Onion 2250 Garlic (China) 9630 Ginger(China) 21150 Tomato 4200 Spinach 1520 Brinjal 3280 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5680 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4880 Tinda 4240 Cauliflower 3280 Carrot 3440 Banana(DOZENS) 58 Guava 3000 Mango(Chounsa) 6600 Seed Cotton(Phutti) 6439 Banola 2612 Green Fodder 475 Wheat Straw 625 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12550 Rice Basmati (385) 6900 Pomegranate(Badana) 5800 Cabbage 5040 Jaggery (گڑ) 5440 Gram White(Importedl) 6300 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9400 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11800 Cucumber (Kheera) 4880 Apple (Gatcha) 8775 Green Chilli 2480 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3280 Lemon (Desi) 7650 Peach 7800 Peach Special 14200 Grapes Gola 11400 Grapes Sundekhani 15000 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1840 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2480 ¡ Vehari Potato Fresh 6300 Potato Store 4550 Onion 1725 Garlic (China) 9950 Ginger(China) 22050 Tomato 4050 Spinach 1050 Brinjal 2800 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5100 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3050 Tinda 4000 Cauliflower 3050 Banana(DOZENS) 56 Guava 1650 Mango(Chounsa) 4050 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 6000 Cabbage 5150 Cucumber (Kheera) 4100 Apple (Gatcha) 8900 Green Chilli 4050 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4850 Lemon (Desi) 11250 Peach 7700 Peach Special 11050 Mango Desi 3850 Pomegranate Desi 7750 Grapes Gola 10150 Grapes Sundekhani 14350 Pear 4800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2850 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2650 ¡ Burewala Potato Fresh 5625 Potato Store 4905 Onion 2610 Garlic (China) 9900 Ginger(China) 22100 Tomato 3188 Spinach 6 Brinjal 2763 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4463 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5100 Tinda 4675 Cauliflower 5525 Peas 11475 Carrot 4463 Banana(DOZENS) 49 Guava 1913 Mango(Chounsa) 5525 Green Fodder 275 Wheat Straw 700 Cabbage 3613 Garlic (Local) 9000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1913 Watermelon 1148 Dates (Aseel) 14400 Apple (Gatcha) 7225 Green Chilli 3400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3825 Lemon (Desi) 8513 Peach 7650 Pomegranate Desi 3825 Grapes Gola 10200 Grapes Sundekhani 14450 Sweet Musk Melon 3825 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2210 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3060 ¡ TTSingh Potato Fresh 5910 Potato Store 4940 Onion 2240 Garlic (China) 8990 Tomato 3590 Spinach 1240 Brinjal 2690 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4490 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3590 Tinda 4490 Cauliflower 4490 Peas 10790 Carrot 4490 Banana(DOZENS) 43 Guava 2690 Mango(Chounsa) 6290 Ginger (Thai) 20690 Apple (Gatcha) 7190 Green Chilli 3590 Lemon (Desi) 8990 Lemon (China) 7190 Peach 8990 Apricot White 9990 Pomegranate Desi 7190 Grapes Gola 8990 Grapes Sundekhani 15390 Pear 3590 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2240 ¡ Patoki Potato Fresh 6800 Potato Store 5200 Onion 3100 Garlic (China) 9750 Ginger(China) 29750 Tomato 5200 Spinach 2500 Brinjal 2700 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4800 Pumpkin 1500 Cauliflower 6250 Peas 13500 Turnip 3800 Radish 2700 Carrot 4800 Apple (Ammre) 5500 Banana(DOZENS) 52 Guava 3800 Orange(100Pcs) 428 Mango(Chounsa) 8500 Cabbage 3900 Ginger (Thai) 28250 Cucumber (Kheera) 4800 Apple (Gatcha) 7500 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5250 Lemon (Desi) 10250 Lemon (China) 7200 Peach 7800 Peach Special 11500 Mango Desi 4200 Apricot White 11500 Pomegranate Desi 10250 Grapes Gola 10750 Grapes Sundekhani 17500 Pear 5750 Sweet Musk Melon 5800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3350 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4200 ¡ Lodhran Potato Store 5319 Onion 2650 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 4090 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 2479 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5200 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4000 Tinda 4083 Pumpkin 1600 Cauliflower 4327 Carrot 4000 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 2929 Mango(Chounsa) 3125 Cabbage 4000 Ginger (Thai) 24000 Watermelon 1000 Apple (Gatcha) 5262 Green Chilli 4500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4000 Lemon (Desi) 7125 Mango Desi 2625 Grapes Gola 10000 Grapes Sundekhani 16154 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2486 ¡ Mailsi Sugar 5620 Potato Store 5138 Onion 2488 Garlic (China) 9538 Tomato 3550 Spinach 983 Brinjal 2998 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 3738 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3123 Tinda 4188 Cauliflower 5688 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 2243 Mango(Chounsa) 5523 Wheat Straw 730 Cabbage 4785 Ginger (Thai) 23400 Cucumber (Kheera) 2060 Watermelon 960 Dates (Aseel) 14850 Apple (Gatcha) 6593 Green Chilli 3738 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4810 Lemon (Desi) 9010 Mango Desi 3238 Pomegranate Desi 6238 Grapes Gola 10525 Grapes Sundekhani 17050 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1973 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2038 ¡ Chichawatni Rice Basmati Super (New) 11500 Rice (IRRI) 4100 Sugar 5500 Gram White(local) 7500 Gram Black 6250 Gram Pulse 6250 Moong Pulse 14500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12500 Potato Fresh 5750 Potato Store 5250 Onion 2600 Garlic (China) 11500 Tomato 4500 Spinach 900 Brinjal 3150 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4250 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3750 Pumpkin 3250 Cauliflower 5150 Peas 13500 Carrot 4750 Apple (Golden) 5750 Banana(DOZENS) 43 Guava 3250 Mango(Chounsa) 3250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13000 Rice Basmati (385) 7750 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 4750 Cabbage 4250 Gram White(Importedl) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12000 Cucumber (Kheera) 4750 Apple (Gatcha) 5500 Green Chilli 2750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4750 Lemon (Desi) 9500 Lemon (China) 3750 Peach 8500 Pomegranate Desi 7500 Grapes Gola 12500 Grapes Sundekhani 17500 Pear 3750 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6750 Sweet Musk Melon 3750 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3500 ¡ DunyaPur Potato Store 5335 Onion 2375 Tomato 3425 Spinach 1375 Brinjal 2625 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 3900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3925 Tinda 4250 Cauliflower 4425 Garlic (Local) 10250 Watermelon 525 Apple (Gatcha) 8375 Green Chilli 2525 Lemon (Desi) 8100 Grapes Gola 10250 Grapes Sundekhani 12750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1900 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 1900 ¡ MandiBahaudin Wheat 3450 Rice Basmati Super (New) 10900 Sugar 5725 Masoor Whole(local) 8150 Maize 1950 Millet 2450 RapeSeed (Torya) 6650 Potato Fresh 6400 Potato Store 5250 Onion 2900 Garlic (China) 10050 Ginger(China) 34800 Tomato 5250 Spinach 2000 Brinjal 3300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 6050 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4250 Tinda 4250 Pumpkin 1600 Cauliflower 5250 Turnip 4250 Banana(DOZENS) 53 Guava 2350 Mango(Chounsa) 4250 Banola 2850 Banola Cake 2950 Cabbage 3300 Jaggery (گڑ) 6150 Apple (Gatcha) 7000 Green Chilli 3300 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4250 Lemon (Desi) 10050 Lemon (China) 5250 Peach Special 8800 Mango Desi 3300 Apricot White 8800 Grapes Sundekhani 15800 Pear 4250 Sweet Musk Melon 5250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3800 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4250 ¡ Kamalia Wheat 3300 Paddy Basmati 4750 Maize 2150 Potato Fresh 6250 Potato Store 5250 Onion 2250 Garlic (China) 9500 Tomato 3750 Spinach 1350 Brinjal 3250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4750 Cauliflower 4500 Radish 1800 Carrot 4500 Banana(DOZENS) 40 Guava 2500 Mango(Chounsa) 5500 Jaggery (گڑ) 5250 Ginger (Thai) 21000 Apple (Gatcha) 7000 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3750 Lemon (Desi) 7500 Peach 11000 Grapes Gola 9000 Grapes Sundekhani 13500 Sweet Musk Melon 3750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3000 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3000 ¡ PirMahal Potato Store 4700 Onion 2190 Garlic (China) 8800 Ginger(China) 17600 Tomato 3400 Spinach 1195 Brinjal 2660 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4200 Cauliflower 4275 Banana(DOZENS) 42 Guava 2300 Mango(Chounsa) 5175 Apple (Gatcha) 7190 Green Chilli 3500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2900 Lemon (Desi) 7200 Peach 10300 Grapes Gola 8800 Grapes Sundekhani 14500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2500 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2475 ¡ Sialkot Sugar 5600 Gram White(local) 6100 Gram Black 6000 Gram Pulse 6050 Moong 14250 Moong Pulse 14750 Mash 11750 Potato Fresh 4800 Potato Store 4500 Onion 2500 Garlic (China) 8450 Tomato 3400 Spinach 2000 Brinjal 3300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4550 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4350 Tinda 5800 Cauliflower 5250 Turnip 3800 Radish 1614 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 4300 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 9500 Mango(Chounsa) 3700 Green Fodder 300 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12500 Cabbage 4200 Mash Pulse(local) 13150 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9850 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10100 Garlic (Local) 11250 Cucumber (Kheera) 5250 Apple (Gatcha) 7500 Green Chilli 1900 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5250 Lemon (Desi) 11500 Lemon (China) 5900 Peach 4500 Mango Desi 3200 Apricot White 8300 Pomegranate Desi 7700 Grapes Gola 7700 Grapes Sundekhani 14500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6350 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 3600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3250 ¡ Jhelum Potato Fresh 5950 Potato Store 5350 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 9000 Ginger(China) 23500 Tomato 5250 Spinach 1750 Brinjal 2250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3250 Cauliflower 4500 Peas 11000 Turnip 2750 Radish 2250 Apple (Golden) 4250 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 4000 Mango(Chounsa) 8500 Mango(Anwer Ratol) 7750 Cabbage 3750 Garlic (Local) 7000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1750 Apple (Gatcha) 6250 Green Chilli 3250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5000 Lemon (China) 7250 Peach 8000 Mango Desi 4250 Apricot White 10000 Grapes Gola 7000 Grapes Sundekhani 13250 Pear 3250 Sweet Musk Melon 2750 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 4500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2750 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4250 ¡ Mianwali Wheat 3000 Gram White(local) 4650 Gram Black 4750 Gram Pulse 5550 Moong 9550 Moong Pulse 11750 Masoor Pulse(local) 9850 Maize 3550 Millet 2150 RapeSeed (Torya) 6950 Potato Fresh 5365 Onion 3370 Garlic (China) 10925 Tomato 4215 Spinach 2890 Brinjal 3465 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 18100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 3890 Cauliflower 7890 Banana(DOZENS) 70 Guava 4965 Grapes (Other) 12375 Mango(Chounsa) 7465 Green Fodder 240 Wheat Straw 600 Mango(Desahri) 4890 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12250 Jaggery (گڑ) 8850 Mash Pulse(local) 12500 Apple (Gatcha) 10875 Lemon (Other) 9965 Green Chilli 4890 Lemon (Desi) 11650 Peach 7890 Peach Special 9890 Apricot White 14750 Pear 3440 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 Sweet Musk Melon 4890 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3890 ¡ Jhang Potato Store 5200 Onion 2800 Garlic (China) 9100 Tomato 4000 Spinach 1800 Brinjal 3600 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4500 Pumpkin 3200 Cauliflower 5450 Carrot 3600 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 3200 Mango(Chounsa) 4500 Ginger (Thai) 22200 Cucumber (Kheera) 3600 Apple (Gatcha) 7300 Green Chilli 1800 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5450 Peach 7300 Pomegranate Desi 10500 Sweet Musk Melon 5450 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3600 ¡ Khanpur Rice Basmati Super (New) 12250 Rice (IRRI) 3750 Sugar 5350 Gram White(local) 6350 Gram Black 5450 Gram Pulse 6100 Moong Pulse 12250 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14500 Masoor Whole(local) 10900 Masoor Pulse(local) 9750 Potato Fresh 6975 Potato Store 5130 Onion 2925 Garlic (China) 10125 Tomato 3400 Spinach 880 Brinjal 2600 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5800 Tinda 3800 Cauliflower 4600 Turnip 2200 Carrot 3800 Banana(DOZENS) 63 Mango(Chounsa) 5800 Green Fodder 300 Wheat Straw 550 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14500 Cabbage 3400 Mash Pulse(local) 11350 Gram White(Importedl) 8900 Ginger (Thai) 20475 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10900 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11800 Cucumber (Kheera) 4600 Watermelon 1000 Apple (Gatcha) 7425 Green Chilli 2600 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3000 Lemon (Desi) 7800 Peach 8400 Peach Special 11800 Pomegranate Desi 5000 Grapes Gola 11000 Grapes Sundekhani 13400 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5950 Sweet Musk Melon 3000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 880 ¡ Summandri Potato Fresh 6250 Potato Store 5250 Onion 2750 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 4100 Spinach 2350 Brinjal 2750 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4800 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Cauliflower 5750 Peas 15750 Turnip 6750 Carrot 2750 Banana(DOZENS) 85 Guava 2000 Mango(Chounsa) 8500 Cucumber (Kheera) 2600 Apple (Gatcha) 5750 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6250 Grapes Gola 8500 Grapes Sundekhani 13500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1000 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3750 ¡ Sheikhupura Potato Fresh 5350 Potato Store 4300 Onion 2300 Garlic (China) 8600 Ginger(China) 24300 Tomato 5200 Spinach 2000 Brinjal 3400 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 6350 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4300 Tinda 4750 Pumpkin 4300 Cauliflower 6750 Turnip 3850 Carrot 4750 Banana(DOZENS) 62 Guava 4050 Mango(Chounsa) 7650 Cabbage 4300 Ginger (Thai) 20250 Garlic (Local) 8600 Apple (Gatcha) 6500 Green Chilli 3400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5200 Lemon (Desi) 9950 Peach 5200 Peach Special 6750 Pomegranate Desi 10350 Grapes Gola 9500 Grapes Sundekhani 14850 Pear 4300 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 5850 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4750 ¡ Shorkot Potato Fresh 5400 Onion 2600 Garlic (China) 9100 Ginger(China) 22500 Tomato 4000 Spinach 1825 Brinjal 3200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5500 Tinda 5000 Cauliflower 5500 Carrot 4500 Banana(DOZENS) 46 Guava 3200 Mango(Chounsa) 4500 Apple (Gatcha) 7300 Green Chilli 3600 Lemon (Desi) 8200 Peach 7300 Pomegranate Desi 10000 Grapes Gola 7300 Grapes Sundekhani 10900 Sweet Musk Melon 5500 Sweet Musk Melon (Shireen) 50 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3200 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3300 ¡ Fortabas Rice Basmati Super (New) 10500 Sugar 5000 Gram Pulse 6100 Moong 13000 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12250 Potato Store 6250 Onion 2750 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 6000 Spinach 2250 Brinjal 4250 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 6250 Tinda 4750 Cauliflower 6500 Peas 13500 Banana(DOZENS) 65 Guava 2750 Mango(Chounsa) 6250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11750 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Gram White(Importedl) 10500 Ginger (Thai) 27000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12650 Watermelon 1750 Apple (Gatcha) 8500 Green Chilli 5250 Lemon (China) 7500 Peach 7500 Grapes Gola 11000 Grapes Sundekhani 15500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3750 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4250 ¡ TALAGANG Wheat 3300 Rice Basmati Super (New) 13900 Rice (IRRI) 4900 Sugar 5670 Gram White(local) 3900 Gram Black 4700 Gram Pulse 6900 Mash Pulse(Imported) 15900 Masoor Pulse(local) 14400 Potato Store 5300 Onion 2800 Garlic (China) 9400 Ginger(China) 21900 Tomato 3650 Spinach 1700 Brinjal 2600 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 27900 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 2500 Tinda 2400 Cauliflower 4400 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 3650 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 17900 Rice Basmati (385) 11900 Mash Pulse(local) 18900 Gram White(Importedl) 10900 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12900 Cucumber (Kheera) 2700 Green Chilli 1700 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2700 Lemon (Desi) 11300 Apricot White 8900 Grapes Gola 8900 Grapes Sundekhani 15700 Gram Flour (بیسن) 7400 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3000 ¡ Havelilakha Potato Fresh 7250 Potato Store 5350 Onion 2750 Garlic (China) 27500 Tomato 5250 Spinach 1750 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5250 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5500 Tinda 4750 Cauliflower 7250 Peas 14500 Carrot 5500 Banana(DOZENS) 65 Mango(Chounsa) 3750 Apple (Gatcha) 7500 Green Chilli 4500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 7500 Peach 11000 Pomegranate Desi 13500 Grapes Gola 11500 Grapes Sundekhani 19000 Pear 5500 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 2750 ¡ kotmoman Potato Fresh 9000 Potato Store 4950 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 11000 Ginger(China) 22000 Tomato 4050 Spinach 3200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5850 Cauliflower 6300 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 4050 Mango(Chounsa) 5850 Apple (Gatcha) 6300 Lemon (Other) 6400 Green Chilli 4050 Peach 7200 Grapes Sundekhani 12000 Sweet Musk Melon 4950 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 4500 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3150 Pls Refresh for Latest Prices UpdateFUll VIEW CLICK HERE Note these are guidelines 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Vaccination in Poultry

Introduction

Disease prevention through vaccination is one of the aspects of bio-security. Disease causing organisms can be classified as smallest to largest - viruses, mycoplasma, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and parasites. All these organisms are susceptible to chemotherapy, except viruses. Bacterial infections are controlled through antibiotics but not much medication is available to fight viral infections thus vaccines are used. Control of viral diseases is dependent on prevention through sanitation and bio-security and by vaccination. Vaccination is no substitute for effective management. Vaccine is effective in reducing clinical disease but exposed birds may still get infected and shed disease organisms. Vaccination before infection occurs in a flock is the best means of protection.

Vaccines are intended to stimulate the immune mechanism of an animal to produce antibodies, which will inactivate pathogens and also produce minimal harm. Vaccine is a protective measure against outbreak of contagious and infectious diseases and plays a major role in preserving productive health of poultry.

Vaccine contain specific biological substances called antigens (Ag).In the bird antigen is recognized as a foreign body and responds by producing specific antibodies (Ab). An ideal virus vaccine is made from a non disease producing highly immunogenic virus causing little reaction and much protection. Vaccine may be live or killed, both types give reaction. (A bacterial vaccine is live or inactivated preparations of bacteria termed bacterins).

Live vaccine:

Live vaccine consists of live micro agents. Live vaccines are viruses or bacteria weakened under controlled laboratory conditions into a safe virus/bacteria strain that can infect the chicken immunity and stimulate immunity without causing severe disease. Live vaccines stimulate the complete immune system including local, cellular and humoral immunity. Protection following vaccination is relatively rapid (few days to a week) depending on properties of particular virus/bacteria. Protection for most of live vaccines does not last for a full breeder cycle and needs regular revaccination.

Live vaccine can be administered by mass applications such as drinking water, spray or aerosol. Live virus vaccines reproduce in the host to increase their number. Most poultry vaccines are a live virus type. They can be given at a younger age than killed vaccine.

Killed or inactivated vaccine:

Killed or inactivated vaccines contain pathogens that have been chemically inactivated with or without a suitable adjuvant so that they will produce immunity, but are unable to cause or transmit the disease. They are killed in such a manner that the part of the organism which injures the bird and allows the pathogen to multiply is destroyed, leaving the immunity stimulating portion of the pathogen intact. The adjuvant causes a mild reaction at injection site attracting cells such as macrophages, which start the immune response. Adjuvant also acts as a slow release formulation stimulating the immune system for extended period of time. Inactivated vaccines do not stimulate complete immune system like live vaccine. They do not induce local immunity and only limited cellular immunity but there is a very strong humoral response (circulating antibodies) and takes up to 6 weeks for this protection to develop. A killed virus product is dependent on the number of antigenic units (virus particles) present in the vaccine dose to stimulate antibody production.

Inactivated vaccine must be administered by injection to each individual bird at the prescribed dose rate is laborious.

Development of competent vaccines is one of the factors for emergence of poultry industry.

Vaccination schedule aids in achieving maximum benefits through maximum protection of flock against disease. Under optimal standards of management & husbandry practices, with no exposure to pathogen a bird is sure to respond effectively to vaccination. In addition to providing all the nutrients through feed, strict bio-security rules following vaccination schedule is must. Small decline in any of the managemental practices can lead to irreversible loss, in form of disease outbreak.

Parent flock is vaccinated in such a way that there are required levels of antibodies of major diseases in chickens. The yolk sac antibody protects the chicks from natural infection but is maintained till defensive organs (thymus, bursa, spleen & bone marrow) are fully functional (21 days of age). Vaccination schedule based on the parent flock vaccinations with slight variation based on season or prevalence of disease in area is helpful.

More doses or higher frequency of vaccine does not have any effect on protection of bird. Only required amount of antigen is utilized to induce the immune system to produce antibodies, additional dosage is either eliminated or deposited hindrance the immune system in recognizing other antigens- immune-suppression develops leading to vaccine failure. Additional quantity/dosage leads to excess expenditure too.

POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED TO AVOID THEIR INTERFERENCE DURING VACCINATION ARE:

1. High level of passive immunity:

Primary protection comes from immunity passed on by hen to her chicks called maternal immunity and is passive. Maternal antibodies may neutralize vaccine in young chickens, if given at too early stage. When the maternal antibodies disappear the chick is left unprotected, even though it has been vaccinated. Thus it is better to administer the vaccine when the passive immunity is low after about 5 to 7 days.

2. Stress:

Anything which upset physiological and psychological stability of bird is a stressor and reaction of an individual to the stressor is called stress. Stress leads to severe immune-suppression which may result in failure of vaccination. Vaccinate birds only under stress free condition.

3. Inactivation of live vaccine & Spilling of vaccine:

Improper handling during transportation, storage, and at time of administration may lead to failure of vaccines. Vaccine contamination must also be prevented as it can cause serious complications. Live vaccines should always be stored and transported at 2-8oC and never exposed to sunrays. The diluents should be chilled before the reconstitution of vaccines. Live vaccines are disease agents which can cause disease under certain circumstances. If vaccine dribble out it may become a source of disease in birds, thus tip out or left over vaccine must be neutralized with strong disinfectant and empty vials or droppers/containers for be burnt or disinfected to prevent accidental spread to other poultry.

4. Health Status of birds:

Immune system of a sick bird is weak and cannot satisfactorily withstand a vaccine. Vaccination of sick bird can precipitate the incidence of disease and it can also lead to other diseases. Sick birds should therefore, be allowed to recover before vaccination. Immunosuppressive disease cause immune-suppression in birds and the birds will not respond properly to the vaccine resulting in vaccine failure

5. Temperature & Ventilation:

Ambient temperature above 30oC affects the immune system of the birds adversely, so vaccinate birds during cooler period of the day only. Ammonia is produced as breakdown of uric acid (an end product of protein metabolism). Improper ventilation leads to higher concentration of ammonia (NH3) in poultry house due to which there is immune-suppression and failure of vaccination. This ammonia is prevented to accumulate in the poultry house by ensuring proper ventilation.

6. Age, dose and route of vaccine:

Route and dose prescribed by the manufacturer must be followed. Under dosing will not protect the bird adequately. The age of bird at vaccination, proper timing of revaccination affects the level, quality and duration of immunity. Vaccines may be administered:

a) Parentally:

Parental routes are:

Subcutaneous

Intramuscular

Intranasal

Intraocular

b) Orally The vaccine is given orally through drinking water. Following precautions should be taken for proper oral vaccination in birds:

Stop the water supply to the birds for one hour before vaccination in hot weather and two hours in cool weather.

       

Use plain water without any water sanitizer for mixing the vaccine.

Skimmed milk powder should be mixed in water before adding the vaccine to it. It should be mixed @ 3g/Lit of water. This prevents the microbicidal activity of the residual sanitizer and also it stabilizes the microbial antigens. The vaccine should be mixed in such a quantity of water as will be consumed by bird within one hour.

Follow the instructions from the manufacturer.

CARE DURING VACCINATION PROGRAMME:

Buy the vaccine from a reliable well recognized source after checking the expiry of vaccine, as they have limited lifespan within which they must be used.

Vaccines should be stored at a temperature of 2o to 8o degree C. They should neither be frozen in a freezer nor stored above 8o C. Same temperature is to be maintained during transporting; a flask with ice cubes or iced water is also suitable for the purpose. In farm storage in lower compartment of refrigerator is suitable.

Vaccination should be carried out during the cooler period of the day which reduces stress in birds. Temperature above 30oC may affect vaccine potency. Mixing of vaccine should not be done in sun, as direct rays will affect the potency and inactivated vaccines. Vaccine should be mixed and kept in shade during distribution period. Don´t use premixed vaccines kept overnight.

As vaccines are vacuum sealed (administered via drinking water) when opened in air draw contaminated air into the container thus such vaccines must be opened under water into which it is to be mixed.

Tape water is mixed with chlorine to kill germs and this water when used can kill inactivated live vaccine. All sanitizers in water should be avoided during vaccination, thus avoid such water or treat before use. Antibiotic treatment should be stopped three days before and after vaccination. Live virus vaccine are readily destroyed by sanitizers and chlorine. Water equipments should be free of disinfectant.

For vaccination via drinking water, the amount of water for mixing varies with age, type of bird and climate. Water should be withdrawn 2-3 hours before giving the vaccine for fast consumption of vaccine. Remove water up to 2 hours in hot weather and 2-4 hours in cool weather before administration. All vaccines should be consumed within two hours of mixing; adding skim milk powder prolongs vaccine life. Adequate dosage of vaccine must be provided to flock. As water is withdrawn all birds will come to drink water so it is advisable to distribute the vaccine in more drinkers than needed for normal watering of flock.

Designing and implementing an effective vaccination schedule requires a thorough knowledge of disease, risk situation in a specific area, an understanding about the interaction between chick and vaccine and thorough planning. Decide whether or not to vaccinate against a disease depends on the likelihood that the birds in a flock may be exposed to that specific disease.

As a good breeder hen produces a maximum number of hatching eggs thus there must be least negative impact of disease on egg production. Broiler chicken also relies on breeder hen for maternally derived antibody during first few weeks of life for protection against disease. Thus breeder vaccination needs additional attention. For many viral diseases the breeder is primed with live vaccine followed by an inactivated booster vaccination 4-6 weeks later to provide protection for full production cycle.

GUIDELINE FOR SUCCESSFUL VACCINATION:

Vaccination of poultry younger than 10 days (5-7days) of age cannot be expected to produce uniform or lasting immunity, even in the absence of maternal immunity. Exception is that vaccination for Mareks disease is ordinarily given on the day of hatch.

Guideline for vaccine administration:

Each vaccine is designed for a specific route of administration so use only the recommended route.

Do not vaccinate sick birds (except in outbreak of laryngotracheitis or fowl pox).

Protect vaccines from heat and direct sunlight.

Most vaccines are living, disease producing agents so handle them with care.

Layer Breeder

Bulk of breeder vaccinations are administered in the first 18 weeks (rearing phase)Protection should be at peak level when first hatching eggs are collected and persist up to end of egg production cycle.

To avoid stress to the breeder bird vaccination during lay is kept to an absolute minimum, generally limited to the mass administration of certain live vaccines (ND- Newcastle disease, IB-Infectious bronchitis).

Vaccination at day old or in ovo with suitable MD-Markes Disease vaccine to reduce losses, Sensitive nature of vaccine used requires specific attention to vaccine handling and administration procedures. Vaccination in hatchery is preferred. Even the best MD vaccination does not equate guaranteed freedom.

Vaccine against coccidiosis has been a routine addition to most breeder vaccination schedules. Administered correctly these vaccines induce a predictable immunity to the selected Eimeria strains.

Broiler Breeder

Vaccination of the broiler breeder does not end at protecting the hen and egg production. Breeders immunity has a direct impact on the immunity of the broiler at hatch. Protection to offspring´s/chicks is transferred via yolk called maternally derived antibody (MDA). Chicks hatched in an environment will face the same disease challenges the hen faced in past, but there is balance now a day by keeping hen in one environment, hatching eggs in hatchery and raising broiler chick in different environment away from breeder.

IBD- Infectious Bursal Disease is best example of vaccination in breeders primarily for benefit of broiler.IBD specific MDA protects the broiler from infection during the first two to 3 weeks, after which live IBD vaccines are administered.

Vaccination of the breeder prevents transmission of reovirus via egg and transfers protective levels of reovirus specific MDA to broiler chick. Reovirus is associated with poor growth in broilers.

Avian encephalomyelitis (AE) and chicken infectious anaemia (CIAV) are both viral pathogens transferred `from breeder to broiler via the egg.

Breeders are vaccinated against salmonella and are less susceptible to salmonella infection; there is also reduced risk of salmonella transmission via the egg. The protection level of MDA transferred from breeder to the broiler protect against infection during 1st weeks post hatch, when broiler is most susceptible to infection

TABLE: 1. VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR POULTRY (BROILER)

TABLE: 2. VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR POULTRY (LAYERS)

Source Engormix.com

Published: Zarai Media Team

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