Avg. Prices Of Commodities in Rs/100Kg: 06 Mar, 2015: Faisalabad Potato Fresh 1200 Onion 1700 Garlic (China) 9550 Ginger(China) 11000 Tomato 4000 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 2900 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 12150 Tinda 50 Cauliflower 2050 Peas 1600 Turnip 800 Radish 1000 Carrot 1800 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10500 Apple (Golden) 6200 Apple (Ammre) 3400 Banana(DOZENS) 49 Guava 3400 Orange(100Pcs) 650 Kinnow (100Pcs) 400 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 19350 Pomegranate(Badana) 22050 Musambi(100Pcs) 900 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1400 Cabbage 1100 Cucumber (Kheera) 2400 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 5250 Dates (Aseel) 12500 Green Chilli 10500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3850 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3950 ¡ Okara Wheat 3258 Rice Basmati Super (New) 7550 Rice (IRRI) 3350 Paddy Basmati 3650 Paddy (IRRI) 2013 Sugar 5120 Gram White(local) 6750 Gram Black 5900 Gram Pulse 6350 Moong 12900 Moong Pulse 14750 Mash 12900 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14750 Maize 2350 Millet 2475 Sorghum 5750 Potato Fresh 1200 Onion 1800 Garlic (China) 11750 Ginger(China) 12250 Tomato 4250 Spinach 550 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 18000 Cauliflower 2900 Peas 1900 Turnip 900 Radish 900 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12250 Apple (Golden) 7250 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Kinnow (100Pcs) 913 Banola Cake 3150 Green Fodder 345 Wheat Straw 688 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11900 Rice Basmati (385) 5250 Musambi(100Pcs) 1000 Cabbage 1650 Gram White(Importedl) 8750 Ginger (Thai) 10750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9750 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10900 Cucumber (Kheera) 2350 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 8750 Green Chilli 7750 Lemon (China) 3750 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6700 ¡ Sargodha Wheat 3188 Rice Basmati Super (New) 6875 Sugar 5010 Gram White(local) 5625 Gram Black 4975 Gram Pulse 5438 Moong 11625 Moong Pulse 13563 Mash 12875 Mash Pulse(Imported) 16875 Masoor Whole(local) 9625 Masoor Pulse(local) 10500 Maize 2469 RapeSeed (Torya) 4938 Potato Fresh 1375 Onion 1800 Garlic (China) 11250 Tomato 5000 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 3850 Cauliflower 3850 Peas 2350 Turnip 1500 Radish 1500 Carrot 2350 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9500 Apple (Golden) 7350 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 4250 Kinnow (100Pcs) 525 Green Fodder 238 Wheat Straw 763 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 10750 Cabbage 1900 Jaggery (گڑ) 5125 Cucumber (Kheera) 3400 Green Chilli 8050 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4750 Lemon (China) 4750 ¡ Rawalpindi Rice Basmati Super (New) 8250 Rice (IRRI) 3500 Sugar 5145 Gram White(local) 6250 Gram Black 6250 Gram Pulse 6400 Moong 12650 Moong Pulse 13650 Mash 12500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13500 Maize 2800 Millet 2800 Sorghum 3000 RapeSeed (Torya) 6875 Potato Fresh 1450 Onion 1800 Garlic (China) 10250 Ginger(China) 10600 Tomato 4550 Spinach 1400 Brinjal 2950 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19000 Tinda 2450 Pumpkin 2600 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 2950 Turnip 1200 Radish 1200 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 8250 Apple (Golden) 5650 Apple (Ammre) 4800 Banana(DOZENS) 44 Guava 4350 Orange(100Pcs) 525 Kinnow (100Pcs) 350 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 14350 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12250 Pomegranate(Badana) 15400 Musambi(100Pcs) 575 Cabbage 1750 Jaggery (گڑ) 6750 Ginger (Thai) 10600 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11250 Garlic (Local) 10250 Cucumber (Kheera) 2250 Green Chilli 7850 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5050 Lemon (China) 5050 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 4200 ¡ Multan Potato Fresh 1200 Onion 1600 Garlic (China) 9500 Ginger(China) 6010 Tomato 4500 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2800 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 13000 Cauliflower 1600 Peas 2200 Turnip 700 Radish 700 Carrot 1100 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11000 Apple (Golden) 7000 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 3500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 535 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 15200 Grapes (Other) 15500 Musambi(100Pcs) 625 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1500 Cabbage 1100 Ginger (Thai) 10000 Garlic (Local) 10500 Cucumber (Kheera) 2200 Melon 5000 Strawberry 11000 Green Chilli 8000 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 4050 ¡ Vehari Potato Fresh 1175 Onion 950 Garlic (China) 11600 Tomato 4250 Spinach 450 Brinjal 3750 Cauliflower 1800 Turnip 600 Radish 775 Carrot 1700 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13000 Apple (Golden) 6850 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 3750 Cabbage 1500 Ginger (Thai) 11600 Cucumber (Kheera) 2300 Green Chilli 10650 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5450 ¡ Burewala Potato Fresh 1170 Onion 1440 Garlic (China) 12150 Ginger(China) 12150 Tomato 3910 Spinach 3 Brinjal 4038 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11900 Cauliflower 1785 Peas 1913 Turnip 935 Radish 558 Carrot 1870 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10700 Apple (Golden) 7650 Banana(DOZENS) 41 Guava 2125 Kinnow (100Pcs) 366 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 20825 Green Fodder 238 Wheat Straw 638 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1133 Cabbage 1105 Cucumber (Kheera) 2338 Melon 5015 Strawberry 13900 Green Chilli 8950 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5738 Lemon (Desi) 5525 Lemon (China) 4675 ¡ Layyah Wheat 3050 Rice Basmati Super (New) 8250 Rice (IRRI) 3100 Sugar 5100 Gram White(local) 5300 Gram Black 4850 Gram Pulse 5900 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12750 Millet 2250 Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1100 Garlic (China) 11500 Ginger(China) 11500 Tomato 4750 Spinach 700 Brinjal 3250 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9750 Tinda 2900 Cauliflower 2650 Peas 2350 Turnip 900 Radish 700 Carrot 700 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11500 Apple (Golden) 8250 Apple (Ammre) 5250 Banana(DOZENS) 53 Guava 5250 Orange(100Pcs) 260 Kinnow (100Pcs) 360 Banola Cake 2700 Green Fodder 175 Wheat Straw 425 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 9250 Rice Basmati (385) 6250 Cabbage 900 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11350 Garlic (Local) 8250 Cucumber (Kheera) 2650 Green Chilli 8250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4750 Lemon (China) 4750 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6250 ¡ Gujrat Rice Basmati Super (New) 8250 Sugar 5500 Gram White(local) 6400 Gram Black 6200 Gram Pulse 6200 Moong 14400 Moong Pulse 15000 Mash 13400 Masoor Whole(local) 12200 Masoor Pulse(local) 13000 Millet 3400 Potato Fresh 1500 Onion 2000 Garlic (China) 10500 Ginger(China) 12000 Tomato 4500 Spinach 1500 Brinjal 3600 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 25600 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 14000 Cauliflower 3600 Peas 3000 Turnip 1000 Radish 1100 Carrot 2200 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11650 Apple (Golden) 7200 Banana(DOZENS) 64 Guava 6400 Kinnow (100Pcs) 829 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11200 Musambi(100Pcs) 125 Cabbage 1850 Jaggery (گڑ) 7800 Mash Pulse(local) 16000 Gram White(Importedl) 8000 Ginger (Thai) 11500 Cucumber (Kheera) 3200 Melon 7200 Lemon (Other) 5400 Green Chilli 5400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5400 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 6000 ¡ MuzafarGhar Potato Fresh 1250 Onion 1300 Garlic (China) 11000 Ginger(China) 12000 Tomato 3800 Spinach 500 Brinjal 3000 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 2200 Turnip 600 Radish 500 Carrot 1100 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12500 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 4200 Cabbage 900 Cucumber (Kheera) 2100 Green Chilli 7000 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6000 ¡ ArifWala Paddy Basmati 4275 Maize 2131 Potato Fresh 1900 Onion 1900 Garlic (China) 11500 Ginger(China) 12500 Tomato 3750 Brinjal 4250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 13500 Cauliflower 2750 Peas 1350 Radish 550 Carrot 1700 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 7500 Apple (Golden) 5500 Banana(DOZENS) 38 Guava 2750 Cabbage 1700 Cucumber (Kheera) 1900 Melon 6500 Strawberry 15500 Green Chilli 7500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5250 Lemon (China) 6250 ¡ PakPattan Rice Basmati Super (New) 9000 Rice (IRRI) 3200 Sugar 5100 Gram White(local) 7000 Gram Black 6400 Gram Pulse 5750 Moong Pulse 13750 Masoor Pulse(local) 12000 Potato Fresh 1340 Onion 2025 Garlic (China) 10125 Ginger(China) 11250 Tomato 4038 Brinjal 3613 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9775 Cauliflower 3188 Peas 1615 Turnip 935 Radish 765 Carrot 1530 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12150 Apple (Golden) 8550 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 3188 Rice Basmati (385) 6250 Cabbage 1615 Jaggery (گڑ) 7200 Mash Pulse(local) 13750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1913 Strawberry 16575 Green Chilli 10625 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4038 Lemon (China) 6380 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2763 ¡ Lodhran Potato Fresh 1150 Onion 1271 Garlic (China) 10000 Ginger(China) 12000 Tomato 3417 Spinach 700 Brinjal 3500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 13000 Pumpkin 5500 Cauliflower 1964 Peas 2119 Turnip 875 Radish 866 Carrot 1500 Apple (Golden) 7667 Apple (Ammre) 6000 Banana(DOZENS) 35 Guava 3393 Cabbage 982 Cucumber (Kheera) 3000 Melon 4643 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10804 Strawberry 12000 Green Chilli 10500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6000 Lemon (China) 7000 ¡ HaroonAbad Potato Fresh 1364 Onion 2000 Garlic (China) 11364 Ginger(China) 13182 Tomato 5228 Spinach 909 Brinjal 5228 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11364 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 10455 Cauliflower 3409 Peas 2137 Turnip 1546 Radish 1137 Carrot 2000 Apple (Golden) 8637 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 4318 Kinnow (100Pcs) 568 Cabbage 2046 Ginger (Thai) 12273 Cucumber (Kheera) 2046 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12273 Strawberry 17728 Green Chilli 11364 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5228 Lemon (China) 5455 ¡ Chistian Potato Fresh 1275 Onion 1700 Garlic (China) 11050 Tomato 4675 Spinach 595 Cauliflower 2975 Peas 2338 Turnip 1913 Radish 680 Carrot 1488 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10875 Apple (Golden) 8700 Guava 3045 Kinnow (100Pcs) 655 Cabbage 2125 Ginger (Thai) 11050 Cucumber (Kheera) 2338 Strawberry 14790 ¡ Mailsi Potato Fresh 1220 Onion 1050 Garlic (China) 9700 Tomato 4300 Spinach 635 Brinjal 2963 Cauliflower 1945 Peas 2125 Turnip 860 Radish 1188 Carrot 1660 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10138 Banana(DOZENS) 42 Guava 2475 Kinnow (100Pcs) 783 Cabbage 1475 Ginger (Thai) 11175 Cucumber (Kheera) 1900 Green Chilli 5345 ¡ DunyaPur Potato Fresh 1475 Onion 1375 Ginger(China) 11225 Tomato 3425 Spinach 595 Brinjal 2375 Cauliflower 1525 Peas 1725 Turnip 475 Radish 525 Carrot 1175 Apple (Golden) 8325 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 3025 Kinnow (100Pcs) 525 Garlic (Local) 10750 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 11250 Green Chilli 8375 ¡ DGKHAN Wheat 3200 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11000 Rice (IRRI) 2900 Sugar 5250 Gram Black 7000 Gram Pulse 6350 Moong 11000 Moong Pulse 12750 Mash 12000 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14250 Maize 2500 Millet 2900 Sorghum 3250 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1300 Garlic (China) 10500 Ginger(China) 10500 Tomato 4250 Spinach 750 Brinjal 3500 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 13500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 10500 Cauliflower 2500 Peas 2500 Turnip 1500 Radish 1500 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9500 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3250 Orange(100Pcs) 475 Kinnow (100Pcs) 625 Banola 2150 Green Fodder 325 Wheat Straw 850 Rice Basmati (385) 6250 Musambi(100Pcs) 590 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 6500 Gram White(Importedl) 7000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10750 Cucumber (Kheera) 2500 Dates (Aseel) 14500 Green Chilli 7500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6500 Lemon (China) 6250 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 ¡ MandiBahaudin Wheat 3250 Rice Basmati Super (New) 7100 Paddy Basmati 3450 Sugar 5250 Masoor Whole(local) 8250 Maize 2100 Millet 2450 RapeSeed (Torya) 5750 Potato Fresh 1400 Onion 2000 Garlic (China) 10800 Ginger(China) 11250 Tomato 5250 Spinach 1600 Brinjal 3300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10800 Cauliflower 3300 Peas 3300 Turnip 900 Radish 850 Carrot 2000 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11250 Apple (Golden) 7800 Banana(DOZENS) 53 Guava 5250 Kinnow (100Pcs) 475 Banola 3050 Banola Cake 3150 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 10800 Cabbage 2000 Jaggery (گڑ) 5750 Cucumber (Kheera) 2000 Green Chilli 10250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4250 Lemon (China) 4250 ¡ PirMahal Potato Fresh 1390 Onion 1675 Garlic (China) 10600 Ginger(China) 9500 Tomato 4300 Spinach 640 Brinjal 2975 Cauliflower 3500 Peas 2100 Radish 750 Carrot 1675 Apple (Golden) 6200 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 3000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 640 Cabbage 2500 Cucumber (Kheera) 3475 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 11700 Green Chilli 8700 Lemon (China) 3300 ¡ jalalpurpirwala Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1400 Tomato 4050 Spinach 750 Cauliflower 1650 Turnip 650 Radish 750 Guava 2550 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12300 ¡ MianChannu Wheat 3238 Rice Basmati Super (New) 9250 Rice (IRRI) 3313 Paddy Basmati 3600 Sugar 5060 Gram White(local) 6063 Gram Black 6438 Gram Pulse 6338 Moong 11125 Moong Pulse 15375 Masoor Whole(local) 10438 Masoor Pulse(local) 12325 Maize 2188 Onion 1580 Garlic (China) 9980 Ginger(China) 10980 Tomato 1180 Brinjal 2980 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11480 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 13980 Tinda 4680 Pumpkin 880 Cauliflower 1980 Peas 1080 Radish 880 Carrot 1680 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11780 Apple (Golden) 7480 Banana(DOZENS) 34 Guava 2380 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1030 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 11080 Seed Cotton(Phutti) 5500 Banola 2297 Green Fodder 338 Wheat Straw 700 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14250 Rice Basmati (385) 5438 Pomegranate(Badana) 19180 Musambi(100Pcs) 1039 Cabbage 1580 Jaggery (گڑ) 5500 Mash Pulse(local) 14250 Ginger (Thai) 8980 Cucumber (Kheera) 2680 Melon 7580 Green Chilli 9980 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5480 Lemon (Desi) 11980 Lemon (China) 7980 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6625 ¡ KotChutta Wheat 3175 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11000 Rice (IRRI) 2950 Sugar 5250 Gram Black 5000 Gram Pulse 6300 Moong 11000 Moong Pulse 12500 Mash 12000 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14250 Maize 2550 Millet 2950 Sorghum 3250 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1300 Garlic (China) 10250 Ginger(China) 11000 Tomato 4250 Spinach 750 Brinjal 3550 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 15000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9250 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 11000 Cauliflower 2550 Peas 2550 Turnip 1550 Radish 1550 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9250 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3250 Orange(100Pcs) 515 Kinnow (100Pcs) 625 Banola 2300 Green Fodder 325 Wheat Straw 900 Rice Basmati (385) 6500 Musambi(100Pcs) 590 Cabbage 1550 Jaggery (گڑ) 6250 Gram White(Importedl) 6250 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11000 Cucumber (Kheera) 2550 Dates (Aseel) 15000 Green Chilli 7500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6500 Lemon (China) 6500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 ¡ Jhelum Potato Fresh 1550 Onion 1900 Garlic (China) 10500 Ginger(China) 11000 Tomato 5250 Spinach 650 Brinjal 3400 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 14500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 13500 Tinda 3400 Cauliflower 3750 Peas 2100 Turnip 1200 Radish 800 Carrot 2000 Apple (Golden) 6250 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 4250 Orange(100Pcs) 775 Kinnow (100Pcs) 575 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 16750 Musambi(100Pcs) 750 Cabbage 2000 Cucumber (Kheera) 2350 Melon 6850 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10000 Green Chilli 10500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4750 Lemon (China) 4750 ¡ Mianwali Wheat 3100 Sugar 5100 Gram White(local) 9250 Gram Black 4700 Gram Pulse 5650 Moong 8750 Moong Pulse 11000 Masoor Pulse(local) 10000 Maize 4650 Millet 3350 RapeSeed (Torya) 6050 Potato Fresh 1765 Potato Store 1565 Onion 2170 Garlic (China) 12950 Spinach 695 Brinjal 3765 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19500 Tinda 4270 Cauliflower 3465 Peas 3570 Carrot 1370 Apple (Golden) 10875 Banana(DOZENS) 70 Guava 6965 Kinnow (100Pcs) 8925 Banola 2250 Green Fodder 650 Wheat Straw 705 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11600 Jaggery (گڑ) 7750 Mash Pulse(local) 12000 Cucumber (Kheera) 3495 Green Chilli 9890 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6375 Lemon (China) 9890 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6150 ¡ RajanPur Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1500 Tomato 2700 Brinjal 3300 Cauliflower 1300 Peas 2200 Turnip 1300 Radish 500 Carrot 2200 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11500 Apple (Golden) 6000 Guava 4050 Cabbage 900 Cucumber (Kheera) 2300 Green Chilli 7500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2800 ¡ Jhang Potato Fresh 900 Potato Store 1400 Onion 1600 Garlic (China) 10000 Ginger(China) 10900 Tomato 4500 Spinach 1400 Brinjal 3600 Cauliflower 3200 Peas 2000 Turnip 1400 Radish 600 Carrot 1400 Apple (Ammre) 5450 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 3600 Kinnow (100Pcs) 760 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 17300 Pomegranate(Badana) 20550 Cabbage 1800 Cucumber (Kheera) 2300 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10900 Green Chilli 9100 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3600 ¡ SadiqAbad Rice Basmati Super (New) 8800 Rice (IRRI) 2900 Sugar 5080 Gram White(local) 7000 Gram Black 7000 Gram Pulse 6800 Mash Pulse(Imported) 15000 Masoor Whole(local) 11000 Masoor Pulse(local) 12000 Millet 2800 Potato Fresh 1530 Onion 1710 Garlic (China) 11475 Ginger(China) 12375 Tomato 4505 Spinach 595 Brinjal 2380 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 24000 Cauliflower 2763 Peas 2338 Turnip 1615 Radish 1148 Carrot 1913 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10200 Apple (Golden) 9350 Banana(DOZENS) 38 Guava 3400 Kinnow (100Pcs) 531 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 21250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12000 Rice Basmati (385) 5200 Cabbage 1913 Mash Pulse(local) 14000 Gram White(Importedl) 9000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 11000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12000 Cucumber (Kheera) 2338 Strawberry 16575 Green Chilli 10200 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4888 Lemon (Desi) 6375 Lemon (China) 4888 Gram Flour (بیسن) 8000 ¡ Khanpur Potato Fresh 1305 Onion 1710 Garlic (China) 10575 Ginger(China) 11475 Tomato 3400 Spinach 560 Brinjal 1520 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11800 Cauliflower 1800 Peas 1800 Turnip 880 Radish 720 Carrot 1520 Apple (Golden) 8325 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 4600 Kinnow (100Pcs) 567 Cabbage 1080 Cucumber (Kheera) 2320 Melon 6600 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12825 Strawberry 13200 Green Chilli 11400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5800 Lemon (Desi) 8600 Lemon (China) 7000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 ¡ LiaqatPur Potato Fresh 1420 Onion 2210 Garlic (China) 11660 Ginger(China) 12430 Tomato 4200 Spinach 830 Brinjal 3850 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 12185 Tinda 3000 Cauliflower 3010 Peas 2500 Turnip 1680 Radish 1320 Carrot 1810 Apple (Golden) 9090 Banana(DOZENS) 41 Guava 4190 Kinnow (100Pcs) 334 Cabbage 1340 Jaggery (گڑ) 4975 Cucumber (Kheera) 3000 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12550 ¡ ChackJhumra Rice Basmati Super (New) 7200 Sugar 4900 Gram White(local) 5450 Gram Black 5900 Gram Pulse 5700 Moong Pulse 13400 Masoor Whole(local) 10700 Masoor Pulse(local) 14100 Potato Fresh 1400 Onion 2400 Garlic (China) 12250 Tomato 6150 Spinach 850 Brinjal 4150 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19650 Cauliflower 4150 Peas 2000 Turnip 1000 Radish 550 Carrot 1750 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12100 Banana(DOZENS) 44 Guava 4150 Kinnow (100Pcs) 340 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 13750 Rice Basmati (385) 5900 Pomegranate(Badana) 23500 Cabbage 2000 Mash Pulse(local) 14100 Ginger (Thai) 12250 Cucumber (Kheera) 3700 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 8150 Green Chilli 14250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4600 Lemon (China) 5150 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5900 ¡ Summandri Potato Fresh 1275 Onion 1650 Garlic (China) 9600 Ginger(China) 10100 Tomato 4900 Spinach 800 Brinjal 4300 Cauliflower 3000 Peas 1700 Turnip 925 Radish 875 Carrot 1575 Apple (Golden) 7500 Banana(DOZENS) 49 Guava 4700 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 16800 Cabbage 1600 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 9300 Green Chilli 10650 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4700 ¡ Tandlianwala Potato Fresh 1340 Onion 1267 Garlic (China) 12520 Tomato 3795 Brinjal 3790 Peas 1427 Carrot 1229 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9424 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3338 Ginger (Thai) 12653 Green Chilli 5650 ¡ Fatehpur Potato Fresh 1675 Onion 1275 Garlic (China) 12600 Ginger(China) 13300 Tomato 4600 Spinach 875 Brinjal 3875 Tinda 4100 Cauliflower 1875 Peas 3350 Turnip 1075 Carrot 1275 Apple (Golden) 54400 Banana(DOZENS) 44 Guava 5530 Kinnow (100Pcs) 2600 Cabbage 2150 Cucumber (Kheera) 3100 Melon 7650 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13150 Apple (Gatcha) 6150 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4150 ¡ Sheikhupura Potato Fresh 1250 Potato Store 800 Onion 1300 Garlic (China) 9450 Ginger(China) 11150 Tomato 3700 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 3300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8550 Tinda 2250 Pumpkin 4350 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 1500 Turnip 800 Radish 600 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11950 Banana(DOZENS) 58 Guava 4600 Orange(100Pcs) 562 Kinnow (100Pcs) 958 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 12750 Pomegranate(Badana) 22550 Musambi(100Pcs) 1021 Cabbage 1200 Ginger (Thai) 9950 Garlic (Local) 12000 Cucumber (Kheera) 2400 Melon 5650 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 7250 Strawberry 14450 Green Chilli 8800 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3800 Lemon (China) 4750 ¡ Chiniot Potato Fresh 1350 Onion 1700 Garlic (China) 10200 Tomato 1650 Spinach 900 Brinjal 4100 Tinda 18000 Cauliflower 2600 Peas 1600 Turnip 900 Radish 400 Carrot 1950 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 8200 Apple (Golden) 9000 Apple (Ammre) 5800 Cabbage 2300 Cucumber (Kheera) 2200 Melon 4800 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 11700 Green Chilli 11200 Lemon (China) 5000 ¡ Fortabas Potato Fresh 1650 Onion 1900 Garlic (China) 12500 Ginger(China) 15000 Tomato 6500 Spinach 1250 Brinjal 3250 Peas 3250 Turnip 1250 Radish 1250 Carrot 2250 Apple (Golden) 7500 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 4500 Cabbage 2250 Ginger (Thai) 12000 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12000 Green Chilli 12000 ¡ Lalian Potato Fresh 1000 Onion 1300 Tomato 4000 Brinjal 3800 Tinda 3200 Cauliflower 2200 Peas 1200 Carrot 903 Apple (Golden) 8400 Banana(DOZENS) 47 Guava 3200 Kinnow (100Pcs) 7800 Cabbage 2100 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10130 Green Chilli 6000 Lemon (China) 4400 ¡ Malakwal Potato Fresh 1400 Onion 1750 Garlic (China) 10500 Ginger(China) 11500 Tomato 4000 Spinach 1050 Cauliflower 2150 Peas 3400 Turnip 1000 Radish 750 Carrot 1800 Apple (Golden) 6500 Banana(DOZENS) 3150 Guava 3000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 300 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 19500 Cabbage 1650 Ginger (Thai) 9000 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10500 Strawberry 10000 Green Chilli 9950 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4500 ¡ Jauharabad Wheat 3150 Rice Basmati Super (New) 7900 Rice (IRRI) 3600 Sugar 5350 Gram White(local) 6100 Gram Black 5100 Gram Pulse 6250 Moong 12500 Moong Pulse 15250 Mash 12500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13750 Masoor Whole(local) 12750 Masoor Pulse(local) 16500 Maize 3100 Millet 2450 Sorghum 5250 RapeSeed (Torya) 5875 Potato Fresh 1400 Onion 1400 Garlic (China) 10900 Ginger(China) 11800 Tomato 4500 Spinach 900 Brinjal 3600 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 21000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10900 Cauliflower 2700 Peas 3200 Turnip 900 Radish 700 Carrot 2300 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11800 Apple (Golden) 8200 Banana(DOZENS) 59 Guava 4500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 4500 Banola Cake 2963 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13250 Cabbage 1100 Jaggery (گڑ) 6750 Mash Pulse(local) 12750 Gram White(Importedl) 12450 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11750 Cucumber (Kheera) 2300 Green Chilli 10900 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4100 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6500 ¡ Minchanabad Potato Fresh 1350 Onion 1900 Garlic (China) 11500 Ginger(China) 12500 Tomato 6250 Spinach 900 Brinjal 4250 Pumpkin 3250 Cauliflower 3250 Peas 2750 Turnip 1350 Radish 900 Carrot 1750 Apple (Golden) 9500 Banana(DOZENS) 6500 Guava 4000 Cabbage 1900 Cucumber (Kheera) 2750 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13000 Green Chilli 10500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 5250 ¡ Taunsasharif Wheat 3150 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11000 Rice (IRRI) 2950 Paddy (IRRI) 2950 Sugar 5250 Gram Black 5000 Gram Pulse 6300 Moong 11000 Moong Pulse 12500 Mash 11500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 14250 Maize 2550 Millet 2950 Sorghum 3250 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 1300 Onion 1300 Garlic (China) 10750 Ginger(China) 10500 Tomato 4250 Spinach 750 Brinjal 3550 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 14500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 10500 Cauliflower 2550 Peas 2550 Turnip 1500 Radish 1500 Carrot 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9750 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3500 Orange(100Pcs) 490 Kinnow (100Pcs) 625 Banola 2300 Green Fodder 350 Wheat Straw 850 Rice Basmati (385) 6250 Musambi(100Pcs) 590 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 6250 Gram White(Importedl) 6750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11000 Cucumber (Kheera) 2550 Dates (Aseel) 15500 Green Chilli 7500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 6250 Lemon (China) 6250 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6250 ¡ Alipur Potato Fresh 1400 Onion 1400 Tomato 3900 Pls Refresh for Latest Prices UpdateFUll VIEW CLICK HERE Note these are guidelines only… Vaccination in Poultry - Future of Agriculture in Pakistan, Information about Agriculture, Pakistan Agriculture, Agriculture in Pakistan, Role of Agriculture, Agriculture in Pakistan Urdu, Pakistan Agricultural Research, Agriculture Statistics, Agriculture Constitutes, Agriculture News, Videos, Weather, Farming, Biotechnology, Livstock, Jobs & Scholarships, Agriculture Universities

Vaccination in Poultry

Introduction

Disease prevention through vaccination is one of the aspects of bio-security. Disease causing organisms can be classified as smallest to largest - viruses, mycoplasma, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and parasites. All these organisms are susceptible to chemotherapy, except viruses. Bacterial infections are controlled through antibiotics but not much medication is available to fight viral infections thus vaccines are used. Control of viral diseases is dependent on prevention through sanitation and bio-security and by vaccination. Vaccination is no substitute for effective management. Vaccine is effective in reducing clinical disease but exposed birds may still get infected and shed disease organisms. Vaccination before infection occurs in a flock is the best means of protection.

Vaccines are intended to stimulate the immune mechanism of an animal to produce antibodies, which will inactivate pathogens and also produce minimal harm. Vaccine is a protective measure against outbreak of contagious and infectious diseases and plays a major role in preserving productive health of poultry.

Vaccine contain specific biological substances called antigens (Ag).In the bird antigen is recognized as a foreign body and responds by producing specific antibodies (Ab). An ideal virus vaccine is made from a non disease producing highly immunogenic virus causing little reaction and much protection. Vaccine may be live or killed, both types give reaction. (A bacterial vaccine is live or inactivated preparations of bacteria termed bacterins).

Live vaccine:

Live vaccine consists of live micro agents. Live vaccines are viruses or bacteria weakened under controlled laboratory conditions into a safe virus/bacteria strain that can infect the chicken immunity and stimulate immunity without causing severe disease. Live vaccines stimulate the complete immune system including local, cellular and humoral immunity. Protection following vaccination is relatively rapid (few days to a week) depending on properties of particular virus/bacteria. Protection for most of live vaccines does not last for a full breeder cycle and needs regular revaccination.

Live vaccine can be administered by mass applications such as drinking water, spray or aerosol. Live virus vaccines reproduce in the host to increase their number. Most poultry vaccines are a live virus type. They can be given at a younger age than killed vaccine.

Killed or inactivated vaccine:

Killed or inactivated vaccines contain pathogens that have been chemically inactivated with or without a suitable adjuvant so that they will produce immunity, but are unable to cause or transmit the disease. They are killed in such a manner that the part of the organism which injures the bird and allows the pathogen to multiply is destroyed, leaving the immunity stimulating portion of the pathogen intact. The adjuvant causes a mild reaction at injection site attracting cells such as macrophages, which start the immune response. Adjuvant also acts as a slow release formulation stimulating the immune system for extended period of time. Inactivated vaccines do not stimulate complete immune system like live vaccine. They do not induce local immunity and only limited cellular immunity but there is a very strong humoral response (circulating antibodies) and takes up to 6 weeks for this protection to develop. A killed virus product is dependent on the number of antigenic units (virus particles) present in the vaccine dose to stimulate antibody production.

Inactivated vaccine must be administered by injection to each individual bird at the prescribed dose rate is laborious.

Development of competent vaccines is one of the factors for emergence of poultry industry.

Vaccination schedule aids in achieving maximum benefits through maximum protection of flock against disease. Under optimal standards of management & husbandry practices, with no exposure to pathogen a bird is sure to respond effectively to vaccination. In addition to providing all the nutrients through feed, strict bio-security rules following vaccination schedule is must. Small decline in any of the managemental practices can lead to irreversible loss, in form of disease outbreak.

Parent flock is vaccinated in such a way that there are required levels of antibodies of major diseases in chickens. The yolk sac antibody protects the chicks from natural infection but is maintained till defensive organs (thymus, bursa, spleen & bone marrow) are fully functional (21 days of age). Vaccination schedule based on the parent flock vaccinations with slight variation based on season or prevalence of disease in area is helpful.

More doses or higher frequency of vaccine does not have any effect on protection of bird. Only required amount of antigen is utilized to induce the immune system to produce antibodies, additional dosage is either eliminated or deposited hindrance the immune system in recognizing other antigens- immune-suppression develops leading to vaccine failure. Additional quantity/dosage leads to excess expenditure too.

POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED TO AVOID THEIR INTERFERENCE DURING VACCINATION ARE:

1. High level of passive immunity:

Primary protection comes from immunity passed on by hen to her chicks called maternal immunity and is passive. Maternal antibodies may neutralize vaccine in young chickens, if given at too early stage. When the maternal antibodies disappear the chick is left unprotected, even though it has been vaccinated. Thus it is better to administer the vaccine when the passive immunity is low after about 5 to 7 days.

2. Stress:

Anything which upset physiological and psychological stability of bird is a stressor and reaction of an individual to the stressor is called stress. Stress leads to severe immune-suppression which may result in failure of vaccination. Vaccinate birds only under stress free condition.

3. Inactivation of live vaccine & Spilling of vaccine:

Improper handling during transportation, storage, and at time of administration may lead to failure of vaccines. Vaccine contamination must also be prevented as it can cause serious complications. Live vaccines should always be stored and transported at 2-8oC and never exposed to sunrays. The diluents should be chilled before the reconstitution of vaccines. Live vaccines are disease agents which can cause disease under certain circumstances. If vaccine dribble out it may become a source of disease in birds, thus tip out or left over vaccine must be neutralized with strong disinfectant and empty vials or droppers/containers for be burnt or disinfected to prevent accidental spread to other poultry.

4. Health Status of birds:

Immune system of a sick bird is weak and cannot satisfactorily withstand a vaccine. Vaccination of sick bird can precipitate the incidence of disease and it can also lead to other diseases. Sick birds should therefore, be allowed to recover before vaccination. Immunosuppressive disease cause immune-suppression in birds and the birds will not respond properly to the vaccine resulting in vaccine failure

5. Temperature & Ventilation:

Ambient temperature above 30oC affects the immune system of the birds adversely, so vaccinate birds during cooler period of the day only. Ammonia is produced as breakdown of uric acid (an end product of protein metabolism). Improper ventilation leads to higher concentration of ammonia (NH3) in poultry house due to which there is immune-suppression and failure of vaccination. This ammonia is prevented to accumulate in the poultry house by ensuring proper ventilation.

6. Age, dose and route of vaccine:

Route and dose prescribed by the manufacturer must be followed. Under dosing will not protect the bird adequately. The age of bird at vaccination, proper timing of revaccination affects the level, quality and duration of immunity. Vaccines may be administered:

a) Parentally:

Parental routes are:

Subcutaneous

Intramuscular

Intranasal

Intraocular

b) Orally The vaccine is given orally through drinking water. Following precautions should be taken for proper oral vaccination in birds:

Stop the water supply to the birds for one hour before vaccination in hot weather and two hours in cool weather.

       

Use plain water without any water sanitizer for mixing the vaccine.

Skimmed milk powder should be mixed in water before adding the vaccine to it. It should be mixed @ 3g/Lit of water. This prevents the microbicidal activity of the residual sanitizer and also it stabilizes the microbial antigens. The vaccine should be mixed in such a quantity of water as will be consumed by bird within one hour.

Follow the instructions from the manufacturer.

CARE DURING VACCINATION PROGRAMME:

Buy the vaccine from a reliable well recognized source after checking the expiry of vaccine, as they have limited lifespan within which they must be used.

Vaccines should be stored at a temperature of 2o to 8o degree C. They should neither be frozen in a freezer nor stored above 8o C. Same temperature is to be maintained during transporting; a flask with ice cubes or iced water is also suitable for the purpose. In farm storage in lower compartment of refrigerator is suitable.

Vaccination should be carried out during the cooler period of the day which reduces stress in birds. Temperature above 30oC may affect vaccine potency. Mixing of vaccine should not be done in sun, as direct rays will affect the potency and inactivated vaccines. Vaccine should be mixed and kept in shade during distribution period. Don´t use premixed vaccines kept overnight.

As vaccines are vacuum sealed (administered via drinking water) when opened in air draw contaminated air into the container thus such vaccines must be opened under water into which it is to be mixed.

Tape water is mixed with chlorine to kill germs and this water when used can kill inactivated live vaccine. All sanitizers in water should be avoided during vaccination, thus avoid such water or treat before use. Antibiotic treatment should be stopped three days before and after vaccination. Live virus vaccine are readily destroyed by sanitizers and chlorine. Water equipments should be free of disinfectant.

For vaccination via drinking water, the amount of water for mixing varies with age, type of bird and climate. Water should be withdrawn 2-3 hours before giving the vaccine for fast consumption of vaccine. Remove water up to 2 hours in hot weather and 2-4 hours in cool weather before administration. All vaccines should be consumed within two hours of mixing; adding skim milk powder prolongs vaccine life. Adequate dosage of vaccine must be provided to flock. As water is withdrawn all birds will come to drink water so it is advisable to distribute the vaccine in more drinkers than needed for normal watering of flock.

Designing and implementing an effective vaccination schedule requires a thorough knowledge of disease, risk situation in a specific area, an understanding about the interaction between chick and vaccine and thorough planning. Decide whether or not to vaccinate against a disease depends on the likelihood that the birds in a flock may be exposed to that specific disease.

As a good breeder hen produces a maximum number of hatching eggs thus there must be least negative impact of disease on egg production. Broiler chicken also relies on breeder hen for maternally derived antibody during first few weeks of life for protection against disease. Thus breeder vaccination needs additional attention. For many viral diseases the breeder is primed with live vaccine followed by an inactivated booster vaccination 4-6 weeks later to provide protection for full production cycle.

GUIDELINE FOR SUCCESSFUL VACCINATION:

Vaccination of poultry younger than 10 days (5-7days) of age cannot be expected to produce uniform or lasting immunity, even in the absence of maternal immunity. Exception is that vaccination for Mareks disease is ordinarily given on the day of hatch.

Guideline for vaccine administration:

Each vaccine is designed for a specific route of administration so use only the recommended route.

Do not vaccinate sick birds (except in outbreak of laryngotracheitis or fowl pox).

Protect vaccines from heat and direct sunlight.

Most vaccines are living, disease producing agents so handle them with care.

Layer Breeder

Bulk of breeder vaccinations are administered in the first 18 weeks (rearing phase)Protection should be at peak level when first hatching eggs are collected and persist up to end of egg production cycle.

To avoid stress to the breeder bird vaccination during lay is kept to an absolute minimum, generally limited to the mass administration of certain live vaccines (ND- Newcastle disease, IB-Infectious bronchitis).

Vaccination at day old or in ovo with suitable MD-Markes Disease vaccine to reduce losses, Sensitive nature of vaccine used requires specific attention to vaccine handling and administration procedures. Vaccination in hatchery is preferred. Even the best MD vaccination does not equate guaranteed freedom.

Vaccine against coccidiosis has been a routine addition to most breeder vaccination schedules. Administered correctly these vaccines induce a predictable immunity to the selected Eimeria strains.

Broiler Breeder

Vaccination of the broiler breeder does not end at protecting the hen and egg production. Breeders immunity has a direct impact on the immunity of the broiler at hatch. Protection to offspring´s/chicks is transferred via yolk called maternally derived antibody (MDA). Chicks hatched in an environment will face the same disease challenges the hen faced in past, but there is balance now a day by keeping hen in one environment, hatching eggs in hatchery and raising broiler chick in different environment away from breeder.

IBD- Infectious Bursal Disease is best example of vaccination in breeders primarily for benefit of broiler.IBD specific MDA protects the broiler from infection during the first two to 3 weeks, after which live IBD vaccines are administered.

Vaccination of the breeder prevents transmission of reovirus via egg and transfers protective levels of reovirus specific MDA to broiler chick. Reovirus is associated with poor growth in broilers.

Avian encephalomyelitis (AE) and chicken infectious anaemia (CIAV) are both viral pathogens transferred `from breeder to broiler via the egg.

Breeders are vaccinated against salmonella and are less susceptible to salmonella infection; there is also reduced risk of salmonella transmission via the egg. The protection level of MDA transferred from breeder to the broiler protect against infection during 1st weeks post hatch, when broiler is most susceptible to infection

TABLE: 1. VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR POULTRY (BROILER)

TABLE: 2. VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR POULTRY (LAYERS)

Source Engormix.com

Published: Zarai Media Team

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