Avg. Prices Of Commodities in Rs/100Kg: 16, April 2014: Lahore Rice Basmati Super (New) 11250 Sugar 5060 Gram White(local) 5900 Gram Black 5800 Gram Pulse 5900 Moong 13250 Moong Pulse 15000 Mash 11250 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12500 Maize 2150 Millet 2500 Sorghum 2900 RapeSeed (Torya) 6400 Potato Fresh 5300 Potato Store 4900 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 10000 Ginger(China) 25500 Tomato 3800 Spinach 950 Brinjal 2400 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 18000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10800 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 6050 Tinda 1550 Pumpkin 1450 Cauliflower 2600 Peas 6600 Turnip 1650 Radish 1450 Carrot 2500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12100 Apple (Ammre) 7150 Banana(DOZENS) 63 Guava 4300 Orange(100Pcs) 970 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1130 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 21200 Green Fodder 255 Wheat Straw 1225 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14500 Pomegranate(Badana) 30300 Musambi(100Pcs) 1530 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 2600 Cabbage 1350 Jaggery (گڑ) 6250 Mash Pulse(local) 12250 Ginger (Thai) 21400 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8750 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12500 Garlic (Local) 5900 Cucumber (Kheera) 1650 Melon 4450 Watermelon 3100 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 7350 Strawberry 8450 Dates (Aseel) 13250 Green Chilli 3150 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2300 Lemon (China) 8350 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6500 ¡ Faisalabad Wheat 3719 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12500 Rice (IRRI) 3663 Sugar 5050 Gram White(local) 5500 Gram Black 5300 Gram Pulse 5375 Moong 12500 Moong Pulse 13000 Mash 9500 Maize 2625 Millet 2650 RapeSeed (Torya) 5375 Potato Fresh 4900 Onion 2550 Garlic (China) 9000 Ginger(China) 24550 Tomato 4300 Spinach 900 Brinjal 1500 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 15100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3550 Pumpkin 1050 Cauliflower 2750 Peas 5350 Turnip 1000 Radish 1300 Carrot 3100 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9550 Apple (Golden) 5750 Apple (Ammre) 5050 Banana(DOZENS) 69 Guava 4350 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1000 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 28500 Banola Cake 2475 Green Fodder 238 Wheat Straw 888 Rice Basmati (385) 7125 Pomegranate(Badana) 24350 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1475 Cabbage 1300 Jaggery (گڑ) 5188 Mash Pulse(local) 11125 Gram White(Importedl) 7500 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8500 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 9250 Garlic (Local) 4500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1300 Melon 4950 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 5750 Strawberry 11450 Dates (Aseel) 13500 Green Chilli 3600 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1450 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2700 ¡ Gujranwala Wheat 3625 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11850 Sugar 5090 Gram White(local) 6150 Gram Black 6300 Gram Pulse 6100 Moong 13250 Moong Pulse 13750 Mash 11025 Maize 2550 RapeSeed (Torya) 6850 Potato Fresh 5000 Onion 2750 Garlic (China) 9200 Ginger(China) 24750 Tomato 4500 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 2150 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 12350 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9550 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 5250 Turnip 1650 Radish 1200 Carrot 2600 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13150 Banana(DOZENS) 66 Guava 5650 Kinnow (100Pcs) 840 Banola Cake 2950 Green Fodder 473 Wheat Straw 1150 Pomegranate(Badana) 25450 Cabbage 1700 Jaggery (گڑ) 6250 Mash Pulse(local) 12250 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9050 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 9550 Garlic (Local) 6550 Cucumber (Kheera) 1400 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 8400 Green Chilli 3150 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1600 Lemon (China) 9150 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6200 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2600 ¡ Okara Rice Basmati Super (New) 11750 Rice (IRRI) 3750 Paddy Basmati 5363 Paddy (IRRI) 2150 Sugar 4950 Gram White(local) 6750 Gram Black 5450 Gram Pulse 5650 Moong 12600 Moong Pulse 13250 Mash 10250 Mash Pulse(Imported) 13250 Maize 2488 Millet 2500 Sorghum 6750 Potato Fresh 4650 Onion 2850 Garlic (China) 11250 Ginger(China) 24750 Tomato 4250 Spinach 900 Brinjal 1900 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 6000 Cauliflower 3100 Peas 8750 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12000 Apple (Golden) 7250 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Banola Cake 3388 Green Fodder 315 Wheat Straw 1088 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12750 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Cabbage 1100 Jaggery (گڑ) 5225 Gram White(Importedl) 8250 Ginger (Thai) 23750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11550 Garlic (Local) 5750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1500 Melon 4250 Watermelon 3500 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 8250 Strawberry 10500 Green Chilli 4250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2100 Lemon (China) 11750 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2900 ¡ Rawalpindi Rice Basmati Super (New) 12750 Rice (IRRI) 4250 Sugar 5050 Gram White(local) 5250 Gram Black 5750 Gram Pulse 6250 Moong 13500 Moong Pulse 14500 Mash 10500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11750 Maize 2313 Millet 2700 Sorghum 3313 RapeSeed (Torya) 6625 Potato Fresh 5100 Onion 3300 Garlic (China) 10900 Ginger(China) 23300 Tomato 3900 Spinach 800 Brinjal 2700 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5600 Tinda 2500 Pumpkin 1500 Cauliflower 2200 Peas 3700 Turnip 1600 Radish 1100 Carrot 2900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9350 Apple (Golden) 6050 Apple (Ammre) 5000 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 5850 Kinnow (100Pcs) 925 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 17850 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 15000 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 7400 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9200 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10500 Garlic (Local) 7600 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 4800 Green Chilli 3700 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2500 Lemon (China) 10500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6500 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3000 ¡ Multan Wheat 2975 Rice Basmati Super (New) 9750 Rice (IRRI) 3513 Sugar 4860 Gram Black 4900 Gram Pulse 5563 Moong 13063 Moong Pulse 13813 Mash 9063 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11375 Maize 2688 Millet 2488 RapeSeed (Torya) 6125 Potato Fresh 4400 Onion 2100 Garlic (China) 8500 Ginger(China) 21550 Tomato 2300 Spinach 900 Brinjal 1200 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19375 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8400 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4700 Tinda 7500 Pumpkin 1150 Cauliflower 2000 Peas 5600 Turnip 1400 Radish 1400 Carrot 3550 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10600 Apple (Golden) 5800 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 4500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1100 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 21500 Green Fodder 275 Wheat Straw 790 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 10625 Rice Basmati (385) 6625 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1900 Groundnut 6875 Cabbage 800 Jaggery (گڑ) 4875 Gram White(Importedl) 6313 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8063 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 12938 Garlic (Local) 4500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1000 Melon 4250 Watermelon 2250 Strawberry 8400 Green Chilli 3300 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1550 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5813 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2300 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3850 ¡ Sahiwal Wheat 3400 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11750 Rice (IRRI) 4100 Paddy Basmati 5575 Sugar 4960 Gram White(local) 7625 Gram Black 5750 Gram Pulse 6100 Moong Pulse 12750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12250 Masoor Pulse(local) 12750 Maize 2475 Millet 6500 Sorghum 2538 RapeSeed (Torya) 5913 Potato Fresh 4650 Onion 3100 Garlic (China) 10900 Ginger(China) 23250 Tomato 4650 Spinach 1500 Brinjal 2350 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16750 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Pumpkin 1800 Cauliflower 2625 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11250 Apple (Golden) 7650 Apple (Ammre) 5600 Banana(DOZENS) 53 Guava 4100 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1075 Green Fodder 375 Wheat Straw 1250 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12750 Cabbage 1300 Gram White(Importedl) 8250 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9650 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1700 Melon 4450 Strawberry 11250 Green Chilli 4300 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2350 Lemon (China) 12500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2650 ¡ Vehari Wheat 2875 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12250 Rice (IRRI) 3250 Sugar 4985 Gram White(local) 7800 Gram Black 4750 Gram Pulse 5175 Moong Pulse 10500 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11750 Masoor Whole(local) 8750 Masoor Pulse(local) 10500 Maize 2313 Millet 2313 Potato Fresh 4150 Onion 2175 Garlic (China) 12150 Ginger(China) 22000 Tomato 2650 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2400 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4200 Pumpkin 1150 Cauliflower 2150 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11250 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 2850 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1100 Green Fodder 293 Wheat Straw 935 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12550 Rice Basmati (385) 6500 Cabbage 900 Mash Pulse(local) 9275 Gram White(Importedl) 8250 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8500 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 9800 Cucumber (Kheera) 1300 Melon 5150 Watermelon 2025 Strawberry 12150 Green Chilli 3700 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1950 Lemon (China) 9450 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5200 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 6200 ¡ Burewala Potato Fresh 4635 Onion 1935 Garlic (China) 9900 Ginger(China) 22050 Tomato 2890 Spinach 4 Brinjal 1530 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8075 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4250 Pumpkin 1105 Cauliflower 1913 Peas 8075 Carrot 3188 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9775 Apple (Golden) 6800 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 2763 Kinnow (100Pcs) 850 Green Fodder 350 Wheat Straw 975 Cabbage 598 Garlic (Local) 5850 Cucumber (Kheera) 1275 Melon 3825 Watermelon 2338 Strawberry 11050 Green Chilli 5100 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1870 Lemon (China) 14025 Sweet Musk Melon 3188 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1913 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 6800 ¡ Layyah Wheat 3000 Rice Basmati Super (New) 9250 Rice (IRRI) 3650 Sugar 5100 Gram White(local) 5100 Gram Black 4600 Gram Pulse 5750 Masoor Pulse(local) 10250 Millet 2300 Potato Fresh 4750 Onion 2650 Garlic (China) 11000 Ginger(China) 22500 Tomato 3250 Spinach 500 Brinjal 1900 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3750 Tinda 900 Pumpkin 2750 Cauliflower 2250 Carrot 1500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11000 Apple (Golden) 6500 Banana(DOZENS) 40 Guava 4500 Banola Cake 3250 Green Fodder 225 Wheat Straw 700 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 10500 Rice Basmati (385) 6500 Cabbage 900 Jaggery (گڑ) 5750 Mash Pulse(local) 10250 Garlic (Local) 5500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1500 Melon 4500 Watermelon 2250 Strawberry 14000 Green Chilli 3500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2750 Lemon (Desi) 19000 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5750 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 6500 ¡ Gujrat Rice Basmati Super (New) 11800 Sugar 5250 Gram White(local) 6340 Gram Black 34050 Gram Pulse 6240 Moong 12950 Moong Pulse 13840 Mash 11800 Masoor Whole(local) 12800 Masoor Pulse(local) 15400 Millet 3000 Potato Fresh 5000 Onion 2990 Garlic (China) 9500 Tomato 4140 Spinach 1400 Brinjal 2800 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10450 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4300 Cauliflower 2500 Peas 5500 Radish 1600 Carrot 3600 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13050 Apple (Golden) 7150 Banana(DOZENS) 62 Guava 6150 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1395 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 7000 Mash Pulse(local) 13700 Gram White(Importedl) 9845 Ginger (Thai) 23950 Cucumber (Kheera) 1550 Melon 6150 Watermelon 3450 Strawberry 11700 Green Chilli 3050 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2400 Lemon (China) 8300 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6325 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 ¡ BahawalPur Wheat 3163 Rice (IRRI) 3500 Sugar 4840 Gram Black 5600 Gram Pulse 5813 Moong 13300 Moong Pulse 13750 Mash 9750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11000 Maize 2800 Millet 2750 Potato Fresh 5000 Onion 2800 Garlic (China) 10800 Ginger(China) 22000 Tomato 2950 Spinach 800 Brinjal 1100 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 16000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10600 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 7100 Cauliflower 3600 Peas 7100 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10750 Apple (Golden) 7000 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 4000 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 20500 Green Fodder 475 Wheat Straw 750 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12000 Cabbage 1100 Jaggery (گڑ) 5000 Gram White(Importedl) 7375 Masoor Whole (Imported) 9000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 9500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1400 Melon 4700 Watermelon 2300 Strawberry 12500 Green Chilli 4200 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3400 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6188 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3600 ¡ TTSingh Potato Fresh 4850 Onion 3140 Garlic (China) 11690 Ginger(China) 19340 Tomato 4490 Spinach 620 Brinjal 1790 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9890 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5390 Tinda 11690 Pumpkin 1790 Cauliflower 2330 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10340 Apple (Golden) 6290 Apple (Ammre) 5390 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 2870 Kinnow (100Pcs) 990 Banola Cake 2710 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 1430 Garlic (Local) 8990 Cucumber (Kheera) 1430 Melon 5390 Strawberry 12490 Green Chilli 3590 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2240 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1790 ¡ Patoki Potato Fresh 5250 Potato Store 2900 Onion 3150 Garlic (China) 11250 Ginger(China) 24250 Tomato 4200 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5250 Tinda 1700 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 7750 Turnip 1300 Radish 900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12750 Apple (Golden) 7750 Apple (Ammre) 5500 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 4750 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1208 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 22500 Cabbage 1100 Ginger (Thai) 21750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1700 Melon 4750 Watermelon 3800 Strawberry 11500 Green Chilli 3800 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2650 Lemon (China) 8750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2350 ¡ ArifWala Wheat 2975 Rice Basmati Super (New) 14000 Rice (IRRI) 3775 Paddy Basmati 5325 Paddy (IRRI) 2125 Sugar 4950 Gram White(local) 9000 Gram Black 5650 Gram Pulse 5850 Moong 11250 Moong Pulse 14000 Mash 10750 Masoor Whole(local) 10500 Masoor Pulse(local) 11750 Maize 2338 Millet 2563 Sorghum 5500 RapeSeed (Torya) 5900 Potato Fresh 4750 Onion 2650 Garlic (China) 10500 Tomato 3750 Brinjal 3750 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 11000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5250 Tinda 10500 Cauliflower 3200 Peas 6500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 14500 Apple (Golden) 8500 Banana(DOZENS) 65 Guava 2750 Banola Cake 2545 Green Fodder 325 Wheat Straw 525 Rice Basmati (385) 7550 Mash Pulse(local) 13000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1300 Melon 5500 Watermelon 2750 Strawberry 13000 Green Chilli 5500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2100 Lemon (China) 13500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2300 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 7250 ¡ PakPattan Potato Fresh 4750 Onion 2600 Garlic (China) 9500 Ginger(China) 25500 Tomato 3250 Spinach 450 Brinjal 2100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 6050 Pumpkin 2350 Cauliflower 2350 Peas 7750 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 21750 Apple (Golden) 6600 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 3950 Cabbage 900 Cucumber (Kheera) 1500 Melon 4850 Watermelon 3200 Strawberry 13000 Green Chilli 2600 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2600 Lemon (China) 6550 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2900 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 5600 ¡ Lodhran Potato Fresh 4905 Onion 2222 Garlic (China) 11000 Tomato 3625 Spinach 800 Brinjal 1333 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4100 Pumpkin 2793 Cauliflower 2500 Apple (Golden) 8333 Banana(DOZENS) 38 Guava 2500 Cabbage 1400 Ginger (Thai) 22000 Garlic (Local) 7000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1325 Melon 3917 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12667 Strawberry 8000 Green Chilli 5100 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3100 Lemon (Desi) 16000 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 5500 ¡ Mailsi Sugar 4875 Potato Fresh 4925 Onion 2000 Garlic (China) 10975 Tomato 2538 Spinach 995 Brinjal 1875 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10175 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3793 Cauliflower 1925 Peas 5725 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10868 Banana(DOZENS) 43 Guava 2508 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1238 Cabbage 1350 Ginger (Thai) 22800 Garlic (Local) 7290 Cucumber (Kheera) 1238 Melon 3938 Watermelon 2638 Green Chilli 4600 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3263 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2188 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4700 ¡ Chichawatni Rice Basmati Super (New) 11500 Rice (IRRI) 4100 Sugar 5150 Gram White(local) 7500 Gram Black 6750 Gram Pulse 6750 Moong Pulse 13750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12500 Masoor Pulse(local) 10500 Potato Fresh 4250 Onion 2400 Garlic (China) 12500 Tomato 3750 Spinach 650 Brinjal 2350 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Pumpkin 1900 Cauliflower 1900 Peas 9500 Carrot 3000 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11500 Apple (Golden) 7500 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 3750 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12000 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Cabbage 1900 Mash Pulse(local) 10500 Gram White(Importedl) 10250 Ginger (Thai) 25500 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 13500 Garlic (Local) 7500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1650 Melon 4250 Watermelon 2350 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 6750 Green Chilli 3750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2650 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6750 ¡ DunyaPur Potato Fresh 4925 Onion 2375 Tomato 3525 Spinach 1475 Brinjal 1700 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8125 Pumpkin 2525 Cauliflower 1375 Apple (Golden) 8375 Banana(DOZENS) 68 Kinnow (100Pcs) 675 Ginger (Thai) 20750 Garlic (Local) 10375 Cucumber (Kheera) 1375 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10425 Green Chilli 4375 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2325 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2225 ¡ DGKHAN Wheat 2850 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11750 Rice (IRRI) 3700 Sugar 5050 Gram Black 4750 Gram Pulse 5500 Moong 9000 Moong Pulse 11500 Mash 8250 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11250 Maize 2750 Millet 2900 Sorghum 3350 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 5100 Onion 2200 Garlic (China) 11500 Ginger(China) 20500 Tomato 2500 Spinach 750 Brinjal 1800 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 13500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3900 Cauliflower 1900 Carrot 3900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11500 Banana(DOZENS) 43 Guava 2250 Kinnow (100Pcs) 490 Banola 2500 Green Fodder 490 Wheat Straw 725 Rice Basmati (385) 6750 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 6000 Gram White(Importedl) 6750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10250 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 4900 Watermelon 2250 Green Chilli 3500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3900 Lemon (China) 6250 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1700 ¡ MandiBahaudin Wheat 3700 Rice Basmati Super (New) 10250 Paddy Basmati 5900 Sugar 5050 Masoor Whole(local) 7450 Maize 2350 Millet 2450 RapeSeed (Torya) 5900 Potato Fresh 4800 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 11800 Ginger(China) 27800 Tomato 4600 Spinach 1175 Brinjal 2500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10150 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4050 Cauliflower 2250 Peas 7050 Radish 2000 Carrot 2500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12800 Apple (Golden) 9000 Apple (Ammre) 6050 Banana(DOZENS) 61 Guava 7050 Kinnow (100Pcs) 14800 Banola 3250 Banola Cake 3350 Cabbage 1600 Jaggery (گڑ) 6450 Cucumber (Kheera) 1600 Melon 5050 Strawberry 10500 Green Chilli 5050 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2200 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 4050 ¡ Kamalia Wheat 3125 Paddy Basmati 5188 Maize 2338 Sorghum 6063 Potato Fresh 4750 Onion 2250 Garlic (China) 11000 Tomato 4400 Spinach 700 Brinjal 2250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5500 Apple (Golden) 5500 Banana(DOZENS) 40 Guava 2750 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1100 Cabbage 1200 Jaggery (گڑ) 5438 Ginger (Thai) 22000 Garlic (Local) 5500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 2500 Watermelon 2250 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10000 Green Chilli 3250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2200 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2250 ¡ PirMahal Potato Fresh 4500 Onion 2500 Garlic (China) 11300 Ginger(China) 19200 Tomato 3900 Spinach 635 Brinjal 2090 Cauliflower 2500 Apple (Golden) 6180 Banana(DOZENS) 52 Guava 3490 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1200 Cucumber (Kheera) 1600 Melon 5200 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10500 Green Chilli 3100 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2000 ¡ ShujaAbad Potato Fresh 5350 Onion 2400 Garlic (China) 11750 Ginger(China) 22000 Tomato 3600 Spinach 900 Brinjal 1350 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10750 Peas 5250 Banana(DOZENS) 68 Guava 3750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1650 Melon 3750 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13500 Green Chilli 3350 ¡ jalalpurpirwala Potato Fresh 4750 Onion 2800 Tomato 3550 Brinjal 750 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4800 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11950 Cucumber (Kheera) 1200 Melon 4350 Green Chilli 3800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2850 ¡ MianChannu Wheat 3044 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12500 Rice (IRRI) 3900 Sugar 4900 Gram White(local) 7750 Gram Black 5550 Gram Pulse 5750 Moong 9750 Moong Pulse 14125 Masoor Whole(local) 8788 Masoor Pulse(local) 10000 Maize 2375 Millet 2900 Sorghum 3350 Potato Fresh 4480 Onion 1980 Garlic (China) 9980 Tomato 3780 Spinach 1380 Brinjal 1780 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 7980 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4380 Tinda 12480 Pumpkin 1680 Cauliflower 2980 Peas 8980 Radish 1280 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 13280 Banana(DOZENS) 40 Guava 2180 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1380 Green Fodder 350 Wheat Straw 1063 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14250 Rice Basmati (385) 6775 Cabbage 1480 Jaggery (گڑ) 3015 Mash Pulse(local) 12250 Ginger (Thai) 23980 Garlic (Local) 2880 Cucumber (Kheera) 1380 Melon 5380 Watermelon 1680 Strawberry 11980 Green Chilli 4180 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1880 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6125 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2380 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 5780 ¡ KotChutta Wheat 2950 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12000 Rice (IRRI) 3500 Sugar 5050 Gram Black 5000 Gram Pulse 5550 Moong 9000 Moong Pulse 11500 Mash 2850 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11500 Maize 2800 Millet 2950 Sorghum 3400 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 5250 Onion 2250 Garlic (China) 12000 Ginger(China) 20500 Tomato 2500 Spinach 850 Brinjal 1700 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 13500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3950 Cauliflower 1950 Carrot 3950 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10500 Banana(DOZENS) 43 Guava 2500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 490 Banola 2800 Green Fodder 490 Wheat Straw 750 Rice Basmati (385) 7250 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 5750 Gram White(Importedl) 7000 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 4900 Watermelon 2500 Green Chilli 3950 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3950 Lemon (China) 6500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1800 ¡ Chakwal Wheat 3188 Rice (IRRI) 4450 Sugar 5075 Gram White(local) 6750 Gram Black 4900 Gram Pulse 6200 Moong 13750 Mash 11250 Mash Pulse(Imported) 8875 Maize 2550 Potato Fresh 5250 Onion 2850 Ginger(China) 10250 Tomato 3750 Spinach 1700 Brinjal 2150 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 13250 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4900 Cauliflower 2100 Peas 4350 Radish 2050 Carrot 2400 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11250 Apple (Golden) 8000 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 6650 Kinnow (100Pcs) 825 Banola 3750 Banola Cake 2900 Green Fodder 1075 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12250 Rice Basmati (385) 8500 Musambi(100Pcs) 425 Cabbage 1900 Jaggery (گڑ) 6650 Mash Pulse(local) 2625 Ginger (Thai) 24250 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11625 Cucumber (Kheera) 1650 Green Chilli 3500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2100 Lemon (Desi) 10000 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6650 Sweet Musk Melon 4900 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 ¡ Jhelum Potato Fresh 5250 Onion 3500 Garlic (China) 9750 Tomato 4000 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Tinda 1500 Cauliflower 2750 Peas 6500 Turnip 1800 Radish 1100 Carrot 2000 Apple (Golden) 6500 Banana(DOZENS) 58 Guava 7000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1040 Cabbage 1000 Ginger (Thai) 23500 Cucumber (Kheera) 2750 Melon 5500 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10750 Strawberry 12500 Green Chilli 3250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1800 Lemon (China) 9000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2750 ¡ Mianwali Wheat 2190 Sugar 4890 Gram White(local) 7450 Gram Black 3825 Gram Pulse 4750 Moong 9100 Moong Pulse 9050 Masoor Pulse(local) 9050 Maize 2800 Millet 1600 RapeSeed (Torya) 5050 Potato Fresh 5560 Onion 3265 Garlic (China) 9825 Ginger(China) 21050 Tomato 4715 Spinach 1465 Brinjal 2215 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 19000 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10350 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5450 Tinda 1700 Cauliflower 1890 Apple (Golden) 8965 Banana(DOZENS) 75 Guava 6965 Kinnow (100Pcs) 125 Banola 2800 Green Fodder 350 Wheat Straw 1175 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 12000 Cabbage 1890 Jaggery (گڑ) 8750 Mash Pulse(local) 9000 Gram White(Importedl) 9000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1890 Melon 7890 Watermelon 4890 Green Chilli 4390 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 4890 Lemon (China) 8890 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5750 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2890 ¡ Jhang Potato Fresh 5300 Onion 2500 Garlic (China) 9350 Tomato 3500 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2100 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8650 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5200 Pumpkin 2600 Cauliflower 2600 Banana(DOZENS) 61 Guava 4200 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1160 Pomegranate(Kandhari) 27300 Cabbage 1400 Ginger (Thai) 11050 Cucumber (Kheera) 1400 Melon 4500 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 10500 Green Chilli 4200 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1700 Lemon (China) 11800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1400 ¡ SadiqAbad Rice Basmati Super (New) 12000 Rice (IRRI) 3400 Sugar 4900 Gram White(local) 7000 Gram Black 6000 Gram Pulse 6000 Moong Pulse 12600 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11000 Masoor Whole(local) 9000 Millet 2900 Potato Fresh 4725 Onion 1913 Garlic (China) 11475 Ginger(China) 21165 Tomato 2890 Spinach 1105 Brinjal 1615 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 17500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 5738 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4675 Pumpkin 1870 Peas 6375 Carrot 2763 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 10763 Apple (Golden) 7438 Banana(DOZENS) 38 Guava 3188 Kinnow (100Pcs) 957 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14000 Rice Basmati (385) 7000 Grapefruit(100Pcs) 694 Cabbage 1615 Mash Pulse(local) 11000 Gram White(Importedl) 9500 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10000 Garlic (Local) 6800 Cucumber (Kheera) 1530 Melon 4038 Watermelon 2210 Strawberry 15088 Green Chilli 3613 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2338 Lemon (Desi) 12538 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1913 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 6375 ¡ Khanpur Wheat 2889 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12450 Rice (IRRI) 3513 Sugar 4850 Gram White(local) 6300 Gram Black 5850 Gram Pulse 5900 Moong Pulse 14500 Mash 10750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11350 Masoor Pulse(local) 9050 Potato Fresh 5130 Onion 2070 Garlic (China) 11475 Tomato 2320 Spinach 720 Brinjal 1520 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 4600 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5000 Tinda 8400 Cauliflower 2600 Peas 6200 Apple (Golden) 8325 Banana(DOZENS) 48 Guava 3000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1033 Green Fodder 300 Wheat Straw 550 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 14200 Cabbage 1520 Mash Pulse(local) 9900 Gram White(Importedl) 9450 Ginger (Thai) 22275 Masoor Whole (Imported) 11100 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 13500 Cucumber (Kheera) 1520 Melon 4200 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 12375 Strawberry 11600 Green Chilli 3400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3000 Lemon (Desi) 13400 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5950 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1680 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 3800 ¡ KotAdu Potato Fresh 35 Onion 2638 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3838 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 12700 Apple (Golden) 5725 Banana(DOZENS) 62 Guava 3748 Kinnow (100Pcs) 550 Melon 1938 Strawberry 9530 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2575 ¡ Nankana Rice Basmati Super (New) 11200 Sugar 4780 Gram White(local) 5600 Gram Black 5800 Gram Pulse 5900 Moong 11800 Moong Pulse 12600 Mash 9800 Mash Pulse(Imported) 12100 Masoor Whole(local) 8800 Masoor Pulse(local) 9250 Potato Fresh 4700 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 10000 Tomato 3850 Spinach 1000 Brinjal 2950 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 15900 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 13400 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 6900 Cauliflower 2600 Peas 9500 Radish 1900 Carrot 3900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9500 Apple (Ammre) 7750 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 4900 Green Fodder 150 Wheat Straw 335 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 13400 Cabbage 1600 Jaggery (گڑ) 7000 Mash Pulse(local) 10700 Gram White(Importedl) 8400 Ginger (Thai) 25750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 11800 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 14000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1850 Green Chilli 4400 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2600 Gram Flour (بیسن) 6100 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3400 ¡ Summandri Potato Fresh 5000 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 12500 Tomato 3900 Spinach 960 Brinjal 1600 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 8800 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3900 Tinda 12250 Pumpkin 1300 Cauliflower 2600 Peas 8800 Turnip 1300 Radish 1000 Apple (Golden) 8850 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3350 Cabbage 1000 Ginger (Thai) 24750 Cucumber (Kheera) 1300 Melon 4050 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13150 Green Chilli 3900 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 960 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2300 Zucchini (گھیا توری) 5700 ¡ Mamukangan Potato Fresh 5250 Onion 2750 Garlic (China) 12500 Ginger(China) 24500 Tomato 3750 Spinach 1100 Brinjal 2650 Cauliflower 1900 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11750 Apple (Golden) 7500 Apple (Ammre) 5000 Banana(DOZENS) 70 Guava 3500 Cabbage 1100 Cucumber (Kheera) 1700 Green Chilli 5250 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1900 Lemon (China) 5250 ¡ Chiniot Potato Fresh 5200 Onion 2800 Garlic (China) 10250 Ginger(China) 21300 Tomato 4250 Spinach 600 Brinjal 2800 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 10250 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4750 Tinda 1900 Cauliflower 2500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 7250 Apple (Golden) 8400 Banana(DOZENS) 52 Guava 4200 Cabbage 1550 Ginger (Thai) 24250 Garlic (Local) 6000 Cucumber (Kheera) 1650 Watermelon 2800 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 11000 Green Chilli 6000 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1900 Lemon (China) 11250 Sweet Musk Melon 5600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2800 ¡ Shorkot Potato Fresh 5000 Onion 2550 Garlic (China) 12050 Ginger(China) 22975 Tomato 4000 Spinach 1125 Brinjal 2200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 11000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5500 Tinda 9000 Pumpkin 1950 Cauliflower 3100 Apple (Golden) 7500 Banana(DOZENS) 60 Guava 4000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 988 Cabbage 1325 Cucumber (Kheera) 1750 Melon 5500 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 11400 Green Chilli 1750 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2000 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2100 ¡ Fortabas Rice Basmati Super (New) 10500 Gram Pulse 5250 Moong 10750 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11500 Potato Store 5750 Onion 3250 Garlic (China) 14500 Tomato 3750 Spinach 900 Brinjal 2600 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 15300 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9500 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 5250 Apple (Golden) 10500 Banana(DOZENS) 55 Guava 3500 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 11500 Cabbage 2250 Gram White(Importedl) 9000 Ginger (Thai) 26500 Masoor Whole (Imported) 10750 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 11100 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13500 Green Chilli 5500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5250 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 3000 ¡ TALAGANG Wheat 3650 Rice Basmati Super (New) 12900 Rice (IRRI) 4900 Sugar 5040 Gram White(local) 4900 Gram Black 5400 Gram Pulse 7400 Moong 9900 Mash Pulse(Imported) 7140 Masoor Pulse(local) 15900 Potato Store 5200 Onion 3000 Garlic (China) 10500 Ginger(China) 24200 Tomato 4600 Spinach 1300 Brinjal 2200 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 21900 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9900 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 4900 Tinda 1500 Cauliflower 2700 Turnip 1500 Radish 3100 Carrot 3100 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 9900 Apple (Golden) 9300 Apple (Ammre) 5300 Banana(DOZENS) 70 Guava 7000 Kinnow (100Pcs) 1100 Rice Basmati Super (Old) 17900 Rice Basmati (385) 11400 Jaggery (گڑ) 9900 Mash Pulse(local) 17900 Gram White(Importedl) 10900 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 13900 Cucumber (Kheera) 1900 Melon 5900 Green Chilli 3800 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 2700 Lemon (China) 11100 Gram Flour (بیسن) 7900 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 4100 ¡ Sanglahill Potato Fresh 4500 Onion 3200 Garlic (China) 9800 Tomato 4000 Spinach 600 Brinjal 2200 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 9200 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 6800 Tinda 10600 Cauliflower 2300 Peas 7000 Radish 1500 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11600 Apple (Golden) 8200 Banana(DOZENS) 52 Guava 3300 Cabbage 1400 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 4200 Watermelon 3200 Green Chilli 5300 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 1800 Lemon (China) 8600 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 2800 ¡ Piplan Wheat 3550 Gram Black 4700 Moong 4175 Potato Store 5600 Onion 3400 Tomato 4650 Spinach 1500 Brinjal 2500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 12000 Tinda 1100 Pumpkin 3500 Turnip 2100 Apple (Golden) 9000 Banana(DOZENS) 50 Guava 5500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 100 Cabbage 1800 Cucumber (Kheera) 2200 Apple Kala Kullu (Madani) 13250 Green Chilli 4600 ¡ Taunsasharif Wheat 2913 Rice Basmati Super (New) 11500 Rice (IRRI) 3500 Sugar 5050 Gram Black 5000 Gram Pulse 5550 Moong 9000 Moong Pulse 11500 Mash 9000 Mash Pulse(Imported) 11500 Maize 2800 Millet 2900 Sorghum 3350 RapeSeed (Torya) 5800 Potato Fresh 5100 Onion 2250 Garlic (China) 1800 Ginger(China) 20500 Tomato 2500 Spinach 750 Brinjal 1800 Red Chilli Whole (Dry) 13500 Lady Finger/Okra (بھنڈی توری) 50000 Bitter Gourd (کریلا) 3900 Cauliflower 1900 Carrot 3950 Apple Kala Kullu (Pahari) 11500 Banana(DOZENS) 45 Guava 2500 Kinnow (100Pcs) 490 Banola 2800 Green Fodder 490 Wheat Straw 725 Rice Basmati (385) 7000 Cabbage 1500 Jaggery (گڑ) 6000 Gram White(Importedl) 6750 Masoor Whole (Imported) 8000 Masoor Pulse (Imported) 10250 Cucumber (Kheera) 1800 Melon 4900 Watermelon 2500 Capsicum (شملہ مرچ) 3950 Lemon (China) 6500 Gram Flour (بیسن) 5800 Bottle Gourd (کدو) 1800 FUll VIEW CLICK HERE Note these are guidelines only… Modern Agriculture and its impact on our Daily Life: SEMINAR

Modern Agriculture and its impact on our Daily Life: SEMINAR

karachi-uniI.        Seminar Information:

a)   Seminar Description:

This title has been techniques in our living places. By this informative seminar we are chosen by analyzing the scenario of low production of agricultural products and describing the modern agricultural techniques well as in this informative seminar we also describe the application and role of pesticidesin  modern agricultural trying to enhance the knowledge about the modern agriculture and its Impact in Our Daily Life.

“AGRICULTURE is a universe with in itself, So come and explore it”.

b)   Time of seminar: 9:OO am To 3:OO pm

c)    Date for seminar: 26 October 2013

d)   Seminar venue: Arts Auditorium University of Karachi

 

II.        Objective of Seminar:

a)    This seminar will cover core issues like factors responsible for low production, implementation, Role of pesticides, fertilizersand importance of modern techniques to eliminate the local problems mainly in, livestock, crop production and agricultural mechanization, interdependence between agricultural sciences and the existence of this universe, and the influence of agriculture on the modern world.

 

III.        Activities:

a)   Will provide a participation card, seminar file containing a pen, note pad and brochures having information.

b)   Interactive sessions using video clips, real time discussions etc.

c)    Informative technical and lead presentations by the respective experts.

d)   Panel discussion of exporters, speakers, researchers.

e)   Hi-tea

f)     Lunch

g)   Certificate Distribution.

Objectives:

Ø To brief the importancemodern agriculture and implementation about the Modern techniques of Agriculture to the students.

Ø Modern agriculture brings enormous economic and social benefits to consumers including: Improved quality of daily life and living standards as food and nutrition costs decline.

Ø Modern agriculture increases global political stability by making more food and nutrition available, improving its quality and making it accessible to more people.

Ø To expose the difficulties faced by Pakistan in result low productive, agricultural backwardness, and overcoming them with the implementations of modern agriculture.

Ø Modern techniques used to enhance the productivity and implementations mainly in Food and Nutrition, Crop production & Livestock section and Agricultural Mechanization.

Ø Elaborate the acknowledgement that Agriculture is the basis of everything in this universe in a modern perspective.

Ø Introduction to modern techniques, their importance and implementations in agricultural mechanization.

Ø This comprehensive will examine the environmental impact of pesticides, fertilizers and food security, availability made by agriculture in the 21st Century.

Ø Giving students vision to the core of subject and inculcating them the importance of modern agriculture in daily life.

Ø Provide opportunities to make a firm interaction between the students and representatives of the different industries, organizations, farmersandcompanies to initiate the critical role of pesticides, fertilizersand impact of modern agriculturein daily life.

 

Impact of Modern Agriculture on Our Daily Life

 

During the latter half of the twentieth century, what is known today as modern agriculture was very successful in meeting a growing demand for food by the world's population. Yields of primary crops such as rice and wheat increased dramatically, the price of food declined, the rate of increase in crop yields generally kept pace with population growth, and the number of people who consistently go hungry was slightly reduced. This boost in food production has been due mainly to scientific advances and new technologies, including the development of new crop varieties, the use of pesticides and fertilizers, and the construction of large irrigation systems.

There is really little mystery about why agriculture is important it is the physical foundation of human energy, health, and physical wellbeingall key components of every important human activity. To the degree these components are missing, the human existence is defined primarily by the effort necessary to provide them. Making them more widely available at lower costs increases the capacity of any population to invest in more productive work, education, economic development and cultural activities.

The basic facts are clear:

More people the world over eat more and better because of modern agriculture. Increased production continues to enable steadily improving diets, reflecting increased availability of all foods, dietary diversity and access to high-protein food products;

The additional food modern systems provide has enabled hundreds of millions of people to realize more of their potential and better lives—thus enhancing the achievements of all, from students to retirees. It increases workforce productivity and generally supports human development and growth;

The current hunger and malnutrition that extends to some one billion people reflects poor policies, low productivity and low incomes. Failure to continue to apply new technologies to advance productivity on the farm and across the food system simply worsens every aspect of these problems, especially those forced on individuals and families who live in poverty. To a very large extent, current food insecurity problems reflect bad policies, poor infrastructure and low economic productivity in the nations where these conditions occur, rather than a physical lack of food or food production capacity.

Increased agricultural production is most often brought about by the introduction of improved crop varieties and by creating an optimal environment such that the plants and animals can develop to their full potential. Planting, tending and harvesting a crop requires both a significant amount of power and a suitable range of tools and equipment. Mechanization of farming has allowed an increase to the area that can be planted and has contributed towards increased yields, mainly due to the precision with which the crop husbandry tasks can be accomplished. In fact, most farmers in developing countries experience a greater annual expenditure on farm power inputs than on fertilizer, seeds or agrochemicals.

Crop production systems have evolved rapidly over the past century and have resulted in significantly increased yields. Unfortunately, on some occasions the production systems have created undesirable environmental side-effects amongst which soil degradation and erosion, pollution from chemical fertilizers and agrochemicals and a loss of bio-diversity are just a few of the examples that have been highlighted over recent years. Furthermore, not only were some crop production systems found to be unsustainable in an environmental sense, in some locations neither were they sustainable in an economic sense. Of equal concern was the observation that in some cases it was only the work undertaken by men that was mechanized. The tasks traditionally performed by women remained unchanged although the work demanded of them increased as the area planted and the yields increased.

It is against this background that the work in agricultural mechanization has focused on the following aspects:

all types of farm power (human, animal and mechanical) including the related social, economic and environmental dimensions;

standards for farm tools, machinery and equipment, together with codes of conduct for their safe use (implemented in close collaboration with the plant production and protection division);

technical, policy and strategy issues concerning mechanization;

alternative crop establishment technologies such as conservation agriculture.

The significant hunger and malnutrition that persist in many parts of the world would have been far worse had agricultural systems not grown and developed as they did;

 

The physical pressures on the environment that have become increasingly prominent public concerns have been greatly ameliorated by modern agriculture, which has reduced:

The need to expand land area, and thereby reduced pressure to cultivate fragile lands and forested areas. Modern agriculture includes successful new technologies, including biotechnology to enable both higher yields and reduced environmental impacts. These reduce the land, fertilizer and pesticide use per unit of output;

Pressure on grassland, forestland and cropland thus increasing wildlife habitat as a result;

 

 

While the unintended negative environmental consequences of modern agriculture are frequently noted, little mention is ever made of the negative environmental impacts that frequently arise from smallholder farming, especially from slash and burn‖ primitive systems in wide use in developing countries where vertical rows are often planted up steep hillsides, resulting in some of the world’s heaviest soil erosion, badly polluted watercourses and many other problems of both efficiency and sustainability. The lack of sustainability of these practices can be seen in the fact that they typically lead to abandonment of successive plots year after year;

 

Processing technology and handling advancements contribute enormously to improved food safety through pathogen reductions and large reductions in post-harvest losses that

 

Further increase food supplies. Pasteurization of milk, canning, freezing, and other processing technologies significantly reduce health risks associated with food. Threats from bacteria and other contaminants are still important, but the risks of illness and death are far less than in the past, a fact that is widely underappreciated;

Modern agriculture brings enormous economic and social benefits to consumers including:

improved quality of life and living standards as food costs decline. This effectively raises consumer incomes since it leaves greater purchasing power for other consumer goods, for education, health care, leisure, etc., a trend that has been a major driver of economic growth in developed countries, and in some developing countries, as well. Today, consumers in the United States spend less than 10% of their disposable income for food while many in the developing world spend from half or more of their income on food, a huge drag on quality of life. It is now widely recognized that the development of modern food system has been a major factor in improving the standard of living enjoyed in much of the world today;

When consumers spend the major share of their income and virtually all of their daily efforts simply to find food, little money or time is left for human investments. This  survival treadmill‖ characterizes the lives of most smallholder farmers, especially in developing countries;

Modern agriculture increases global political stability by making more food available, improving its quality and making it accessible to more people.

Without the advances that characterize modern agriculture, the world arguably would be a much more dangerous and volatile place because more people would be food insecure as the food price spikes of mid-2008 clearly illustrated.

Development of a robust, rules-based trading system has been extremely important in improving food distribution and increasing accessibility in food-deficit areas.

The major threat to modern agricultural development comes not from lack of interest and willingness to invest by farmers, but from increasingly vocal opposition from a constellation of activists who have succeeded in shifting agricultural policies in several areas.

 

In modern agricultural systems farmers believe they have much more central roles and are eager to apply technology and information to control most components of the system, a very different view from that of traditional farmers. In contrast to the isolation inherent in traditional arrangements, modern agriculture tends to see its success as dependent on linkages access to resources, technology, management, investment, markets and supportive government policies.

As a result, much of the success of modern systems depends on the development and maintenance of soil fertility through the specific provision of nutrients when they are depleted; of machine power and technology to create soil conditions necessary to promote plant growth with minimal disturbance and minimal soil loss; of the use of improved genetics for crops and livestock to enhance yields, quality and reliability; and, on modern genetic and other techniques to protect plants and livestock from losses to competing plants, diseases, drought insects and other threats.

This success also depends on access to efficient, effective irrigation to supplement rainfall in many climates; on advanced harvesting, handling and storage equipment and techniques to prevent losses and to market commodities efficiently. It depends, in turn, on both public and private investment to provide access to technology, equipment, information and physical facilities throughout the production-marketing system. And, it depends on well supported commercial and financial systems and broad public policies that support effective commercial markets at all levels that generate economic returns throughout the system.

Most developed nations traditionally invested heavily over time in their agricultural systems to insure access to the food products they need as they grow and expand. This involved a highly complex, although often implied ―social contract.‖ Society was expected to support for various aspects of a competitive, commercial agricultural sector that assured abundant supplies of healthful food and fiber products, in response to consumer demands expressed through efficient markets. The system also was expected to generate private investment sufficient to maintain future growth.

The government commitment also frequently included support in the form of public investment in critical infrastructure, market information and regulation, basic research and development, training and education in a number of key areas—as is done for most other important economic sectors.

The primary benefit from this investment has been agriculture’s strong productivity growth—passed on through the enhancement of national economic wellbeing in the form of more abundant food available at declining shares of disposable income. In addition, the agricultural sector was expected to share its productivity with the world, especially developing countries through both competitively priced food exports and through aid programs.

Despite this long standing arrangement throughout most developed countries, agriculture today frequently finds itself in the crosshairs of critics who are keen to impose their own, often utopian views on how agriculture should be organized.9 These are frequently based on very different economic and social objectives than those typically assumed in the original contract as it evolved over the years. Some would go so far as to replace the modern system with small organic homesteads and urban gardens in an effort to return agriculture to some  traditional‖ state or, at least, to constrain additional growth or use of non-traditional technologies.

Many such visions are not just aspirations, but are predicated upon a wide array of charges against the modern sector made by activists in support of a broad range of causes. These are often joined by a growing group of writers, columnists, journalists and others (including some public officials) who share their views.

This barrage of criticism frequently reflects real concerns about the environment, food safety and other perceived threats, but that is not always the case, it must be said. Many others reflect little more than vague promises of greater pleasure from a new  food culture‖ and of a quieter, factory free, pollutant free system with enhanced animal care. Some are based merely on the assertion of ―tensions‖ between modern agriculture and nature.

Utopian views and efforts to organize and live in accordance with them are not new, of course history is replete with examples. What is new is the willingness and capacity of some activists to attack the modern system for its success, its growth and expansion and its prosperity, and then to argue that utopian approaches can better achieve even better, although amorphous goals based mainly on separate criteria they use to define those objectives.

Conclusion

Modern agriculture must seek to feed the world's growing population with little or no cost to the Environment. Modern agriculture is capable of producing greater yields than ever before, but intensification of agriculture does come at a price. This comprehensive volume examines the environmental impact made by agriculture in the 21st Century, looking forward to the future with the lessons of the past. Key chapters include impacts of agriculture upon soil quality, greenhouse gas budgets, water-borne pathogens, surface water chemistry, groundwater, agricultural pesticides and the environment, balancing the environmental consequences of agriculture with the needs for food security and positive and negative aspects of agricultural production of biofuels. To concentrate basically on modern techniques their importance and implementations in agriculture.

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